TABLE 5

Bully-Victim Moderators

Suicide IdeationSuicide Behaviors
k (n)OR (95% CI)Q-Betweenk (n)OR (95% CI)Q-Between
Gender0.931.02
 Mixture9 (13)3.43 (1.76–6.67)6 (6)4.16 (2.25–7.69)
 All-female2 (3)7.93 (1.57–39.99)2 (2)2.02 (0.33–12.21)
 All-male2 (3)5.85 (1.36–25.2)2 (2)6.14 (0.61–61.44)
Country3.3359.75**
 US3 (4)7.99 (3.04–21.03)2 (2)10.22 (9.04–11.56)
 International8 (15)2.70 (1.41, 5.18)6 (8)2.36 (1.66–3.35)
Bully assessment17.42**2.98
 Definition and non-behavioral2 (4)11.20 (5.05–24.84)
 Series of behavioral questions4 (5)4.72 (2.53–8.81)3 (3)6.20 (2.93–13.15)
 Definition and series of behavior questions
 Only asking if they were victimized/bullied2 (2)3.04 (1.05–8.81)2 (2)3.51 (1.21–10.17)
 Peer nominations3 (8)1.26 (0.63–2.52)2 (3)1.90 (0.57–6.38)
 Multiple categories
  • k, number of studies; n, number of effect sizes. ** P < .01. —, No studies used a definition and a series of behavioral questions or multiple categories to assess the relationship between bully-victim and suicidal ideation. No studies used a definition and non-behavioral questions, a definition and a series of behavioral questions, or multiple categories to assess the relationship between bully-victim and suicidal behaviors.