TABLE 3

Bullying Victimization Moderators

Suicide IdeationSuicide Behaviors
k (n)OR (95% CI)Q-Betweenk (n)OR (95% CI)Q-Between
Gender4.311.51
 Mixture29 (72)2.27 (1.92–2.68)14 (29)2.90 (2.27–3.70)
 All-female14 (28)2.73 (2.11–3.53)2 (2)2.33 (0.76–7.15)
 All-male14 (28)2.29 (1.77–2.96)2 (2)7.85 (1.38–44.63)
Country1.000.25
 US15 (50)2.55 (2.04–3.18)10 (20)2.94 (2.18–3.96)
 International28 (78)2.22 (1.84–2.64)10 (13)2.88 (1.94–4.27)
Bully assessment9.890.76
 Definition and non-behavioral5 (13)3.14 (2.06–4.78)2 (6)2.36 (1.18–4.74)
 Series of behavioral questions12 (26)2.89 (2.25–3.70)5 (7)2.90 (1.83–4.58)
 Definition and series of behavior questions6 (22)1.93 (1.41–2.66)
 Only asking if they were victimized/bullied11(35)2.30 (1.76–2.99)7 (14)2.93 (1.99–4.30)
 Peer nominations5 (13)1.60 (1.09–2.36)2 (2)2.50 (0.10–63.55)
 Multiple categories3 (18)2.10 (1.39–3.19)
  • k, number of studies; n = number of effect sizes. —, No studies used a definition and series of behavior questions or multiple categories to assess the relationship between bullying victimization and suicidal behaviors.