TABLE 1

Included Studies

Authors (Year, Country)Sample (n)/ES statisticAge Range/Mean Age/Grade Level/% MaleaLocation of Study/Study DesignES Used in Analysis
Baldry & Winkel (2003, Italy)40998/C14–19/NA/NA/57SC/CSVI
Bauman, Toomey, & Walker (2013, USA)411491/CNA/NA/9–12/51SC/CSBA/BI/VA/VI/BVA/BVI
Bonanno & Hymel (2010, Canada)42399/CNA/14.2/8–10/43SC/CSVI
Bonanno & Hymel (2013, Canada)43399/CNA/14.2/8–10/43SC/CSBI/VI
Borowsky, Taliaferro, & McMorris (2013, US)44130908/ORNA/NA/6, 9,12/50SC/CSBA/VA/BVA/BVI
Cheng et al (2010, China)459015/OR13–15/NA/7, 10/48SC/CSVIa
Coggan, Bennett, Hooper, & Dickinson (2003, New Zealand)463265/OR9–13/NA/NA/44SC/CSVA/VI
Cui, Cheng, Xu, Chen, & Wang (2010, China)478778/OR11–17/14/NA/49SC/SDVA/VIa
Delfabbro et al (2006, Australia)481284/ORNA/15.2/NA/40SC/CSVI
Espelage & Holt (2013, US)38661/OR10–13/NA/5, 8/49SC/CSBA/BI/VA/VI/BVA/BVI
Fisher, Moffitt, Houts, Belsky, Arseneault, & Caspi (2012, UK)491116/ORNA/12/NA/49O/PLVA
Fleming & Jacobsen (2009a, Chile)508131/OR13–15/14/NA/48SC/CSVIb
Fleming & Jacobsen (2009b, 19 countries)29104614/OR13–15/14/NA/46SC/SDVIb
Gower & Borowsky (2013, US)51128681/OR11–17/NA/6, 9, 12/50SC/CSBI/VI
Hay & Meldrum (2010, US)52426/C10–21/15/NA/50SC/CSVI
Heilbron & Prinstein (2010, US)53493/C11–14/13/6, 8/49SC/PLVI
Henry, Lovegrove, Steger, Chen, Cigularov, & Tomazic (2013, US)542936/CNA/NA/6, 12/50SC/CSBI/V
Hepburn, Azrael, Molnar, & Miller (2012, US)551838/ORNA/NA/9, 12/NASC/CSBA/BI/VA/VI
Herba et al (2008, The Netherlands)61526/ORNA/12/NA/NASC/PLVI/BVI
Hinduja & Patchin (2010, US)561963/OR10–16/13/6, 8/50SC/CSBA/VA
Holt, Chee, Ng, & Bossler (2013, Singapore)573096/ORNA/NA/NA/56SC/CSVI
Ivarsson, Broberg, Arvidsson, & Gillberg (2005, Sweden)58183/OR13–16/14/NA/49SC/CSBA/BI/VA/VI/BVA/BVI
Kaltiala-Heino, Rimpelä, Marttunen, Rimpelä, & Rantanen (1999, Finland)716410/OR14–16/15/8, 9/51SC/CSBI/VI/BVI
Kessel Schneider, O’Donnell, Stueve, & Coulter (2012, US)5920406/ORNA/NA/9, 12/50SC/CSVA/VI
Kim, Leventhal, & Koh (2009, Korea)371655/ORNA/14/7, 8/55SC/PLBA/BI/VA/VI/BVA/BVI
Klomek, Marrocco, Kleinman, Schonfeld, & Gould (2007, US)82342/OR13–19/15/ 9, 12/58SC/CSBA/BI/VA/VI
Kowalski & Limber (2013, US)60931/SMD11–19/15/6, 12/58SC/CSBI/VI/BVI
Laukkanen, Honkalampi, Hintikka, Hintikka, & Lehtonen (2005, Finland)5168/OR11–23/18/NA/58MH/CSVI
LeVasseur, Kelvin, & Grosskopf (2013, US)6111488/ORNA/NA/9, 12/48SC/CSVA
Liang, Flisher, & Lombard (2007, South Africa)625074/ORNA/16/8, 11/42SC/CSBA/BI/VA/VI/BVA/BVI
Litwiller & Brausch (2013, US)634693/C14–19/16.11/NA/47SC/CSBA
Luukkonen, Räsänen, Hakko, & Riala (2009, Finland)22508/OR12–17/NA/NA/41MH/CSBA/VA/BVA
Mark et al (2013, Estonia, Lithuania, & Luxembourg)644954/OR14–17/16/NA/51SC/CSBI/VI
Mills, Guerin, Lynch, Daly, & Fitzpatrick (2004, Ireland)65209/OR12–15/14/NA/46O/CSVA/VI
Park, Schepp, Jang, & Koo (2006, South Korea)661312/ORNA/NA/10, 12/50SC/CSVI
Patrick, Bell, Huang, Lazarakis, & Edwards (2013, US)6726523/ORNA/NA/8, 10, 12/48SC/CSVI
Pranjić & Bajraktarević (2010, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina)68290/ORNA/17/NA/51SC/CSVI
Rigby & Slee (1999, Australia)91103/C12–18/15/NA/49SC/CSBI/VI
Rigby & Slee (1999, Australia)9845/C12–16/14/NA/53SC/CSBI/VI
Rivers & Noret (2013, UK)691592/SMD12–16/14/NA/54SC/CSBI/VI/BVI
Roland (2002, Norway)702088/CNA/14/8/49SC/CSBI/VI
Romero, Wiggs, Valencia, & Bauman (2013, US)71650/C14–18/16/9, 12/0SC/CSBA/BI/VA/VI
Skapinakis et al (2011, Greece)722431/OR16–18/NA/10, 12/41SC/CSVI
Turner, Exum, Brame, & Holt (2013, US)731874/SMD11–18/14/6, 12/49SC/CSVI
Undheim (2013, Norway)392464/SMD12–15/14/49SC/PLBI/VI
van der Wall, De Wit, & Hirasing (2003, The Netherlands)744721/OR9–13/NA/NA/50SC/CSBI/VI
Viljoen et al (2005, Canada)75243/OR13–19/16/NA/80O/CSBA/BI/VA/VI/BVA/BVI
  • BA, bullying-attempts; BI, bullying-ideation; BVA, bully-victim-attempt; BVI, bully-victim-ideation; C, correlation; CS, cross-sectional; ES, effect size; H, hospital; MH, mental health facility; NA, not applicable or not provided; O, other; PL, prospective longitudinal; SC, school; SD, secondary data; SMD, standardized mean difference or d; VA, victim-attempts; VI, victim-ideation.

  • Cheng and colleagues (2010) and Cui and colleagues (2010) use the same Global Student Health Survey (GSHS) dataset from China; however, they use different strategies for selecting bullying victims. For example, victims in the Cheng et al (2010) study were categorized as “ever victimization” versus “never victimization,” but the Cui et al (2010) study categorizes victims as reporting “never or rarely victimized” versus “sometimes bullied.”

  • Both Fleming and Jacobsen (2009) studies use data from the GSHS. Effect sizes for Chile were removed from the effect sizes representing the Fleming and Jacobsen (2009b) study because Fleming and Jacobsen (2009a) use Chile data. Similarly, because Cui et al (2010) and Cheng et al (2010) used GSHS from China, effect sizes from China representing the Fleming and Jacobsen (2009b) study were not used in analyses.