TABLE 1

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Children Treated in the ED for Migraine Across 35 Academic Children’s Hospitals, 2009–2012

Demographic/Clinical CharacteristicPatients With Migraine (n = 32 124) n (%)
Gender (female)21 498 (66.9)
Age, y (median, IQR)14 (12–16)
Race
 White20 295 (63.2)
 Black6905 (21.5)
 Asian223 (0.7)
 Other2757 (8.6)
Source of payment
 Private15 062 (47.6)
 Public12 757 (40.3)
 Other3833 (12.1)
Time of visit
 12 am–8 am3020 (14.9)
 8 am –4 pm 8517 (41.9)
 4 pm–12 am8802 (43.3)
Disposition
 Discharged from the ED27 317 (85.0)
 Admitted (inpatient or observation)4807 (15.0)
Length of stay (admitted patients only), d
 12090 (43.5)
 21231 (25.6)
 3664 (13.8)
 ≥4822 (17.1)
Treatments and tests in the ED
 Intravenous fluids17 892 (55.7)
 Lumbar puncture504 (1.6)
 Cranial computed tomography4414 (13.7)
 Cranial MRI1098 (3.4)
Moderate SCS13 score (% with score of ≥3)28 854 (93.2)
Principal diagnosis
 346.9× (Migraine, unspecified)28 061 (87.4)
 346.8× (Other forms of migraine)1200 (3.7)
 346.7× (Chronic migraine without aura)216 (0.7)
 346.5× (Persistent migraine aura without cerebral infarction)45 (0.1)
 346.4× (Menstrual migraine)37 (0.1)
 346.2× (Variants of migraine, not elsewhere classified)632 (2.0)
 346.1× (Migraine without aura)751 (2.3)
 346.0× (Migraine with aura)1182 (3.7)
  • Values in table represent frequency (%), unless otherwise noted. IQR, interquartile range; MRI, magnetic resonance imaging.