TABLE 4

Effect Estimates of Potential Confounders of the ASQ Total Score

Raw ScoreEffect SizeP
Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)
Group
 Exposed−1.60 (−10.95 to 7.75)−0.04 (−0.26 to 0.19).74
 NonexposedReferenceReference
Gestational age
 35–37 wk6.99 (−3.45 to 17.43)0.17 (−0.08 to 0.42).19
 38–42 wkReferenceReference
Gender
 Male−21.09 (−30.57 to −11.61)−0.50 (−0.73 to −0.28)<.001
 FemaleReferenceReference
Parental education group
 Primary schoolReferenceReference
 High school/college2.12 (−9.19 to 13.43)0.05 (−0.22 to 0.32).71
 University education11.76 (0.29 to 23.23)0.28 (0.01 to 0.55).04
Ethnicity
 Non-Caucasian−6.27 (−22.73 to 10.19)−0.15 (−0.54 to 0.24).45
 Caucasian ReferenceReference
  • The estimates also were corrected for number of questionnaire and adjusted age.