TABLE 3

CCS Diagnosis Groups Coded in 7 Days Before an Opioid Prescription for CYSHCN Enrolled in Medicaid

CCS Diagnosis Groupa (N = 183 653)Opioid Prescription
nPercent of Total
Infection47 53025.9
Injury40 91622.3
No diagnosis recorded23 69412.9
Nontraumatic musculoskeletal condition17 6949.6
Other16 8729.2
Dental condition12 2936.7
Mental health condition12 1966.6
Gastrointestinal condition68453.7
Nontraumatic neurologic condition28931.6
Malignancy27201.5
  • a For each opioid prescription filled, we used the AHRQ Multi-level CCS to comprehensively assess all health problems (eg, diagnoses) that were filed during health care encounters across the care continuum (eg, inpatient or outpatient) during the 7 d preceding OE. The AHRQ CCS system groups related International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes into mutually exclusive categories. We determined frequencies of all CCS level 2 diagnoses to determine the most prevalent health problems in the 7 d preceding OE. Of these, we associated OE first to diagnoses with clinical indications for OE (eg, traumatic injury, malignancy). If there was not a forthcoming clinical indication for OE, we then considered other related diagnoses (eg, infection, nontraumatic musculoskeletal condition), and lastly the categories of symptoms or descriptions of the health care encounter itself (eg, ill-defined symptoms, signs, and conditions).