TABLE 3

Logistic Regression Models of Employment and Education Outcomes Among Youth With an ASD

CovariateAny Vocational/Technical Education, Odds Ratio (95% CI)Any 2- or 4-y College, Odds Ratio (95% CI)Any Paid Employment, Odds Ratio (95% CI)Both Education/Employment, Odds Ratio (95% CI)No Participation, Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Gender
 Male
 Female0.6 (0.2–1.9)3 (1.0–9.4)1.2 (0.5–2.8)3.2 (0.9–11.0)0.6 (0.2–1.8)
Age0.9 (0.6–1.3)0.7 (0.5–1.1)1.3 (1.0–1.8)0.9 (0.6–1.3)1 (0.7–1.5)
Hispanic
 No
 Yes0.2 (0.0–2.0)0.5 (0.1–2.0)0.5 (0.2–1.4)0.3 (0.1–1.5)2.7 (0.7–9.8)
Race
 White
 African American0.6 (0.2–2.0)0.7 (0.2–2.0)0.6 (0.2–1.5)0.6 (0.2–2.2)2.3 (0.8–6.3)
 Other, mixed2.8 (0.7–11.4)2.1 (0.5–8.4)0.8 (0.2–3.0)1.1 (0.2–4.8)0.7 (0.2–3.6)
Parent or guardian household income, $10 000 increments1.1 (1.0–1.4)1.1 (0.9–1.2)1.2* (1.0–1.4)1.2* (1.0–1.3)0.8** (0.7–0.9)
In high school until age 21
 Noaa
 Yes0.2 (0.0–1.8)a0.1** (0.0–0.4)a17.3** (3.1–96.8)
Years since high school
 <10.3 (0.1–2.0)0.2** (0.0–0.5)0.2** (0.1–0.5)0.1** (0.0–0.4)5.7** (1.6–20.3)
 1–20.7 (0.1–4.3)0.1*** (0.0–0.4)0.3 (0.1–1.1)0.1*** (0.0–0.3)3.6 (0.8–15.3)
 2–31 (0.2–4.3)0.1*** (0.0–0.4)0.4 (0.1–1.1)0.1*** (0.0–0.3)2.3 (0.7–8.3)
 3–42.1 (0.4–10.1)0.3* (0.1–0.9)0.7 (0.2–2.7)0.2** (0.0–0.6)0.4 (0.0–2.5)
 4–7
Overall health
 Excellent
 Very good0.5 (0.2–1.6)0.8 (0.3–2.2)0.8 (0.3–2.0)0.8 (0.3–2.2)1.1 (0.4–3.1)
 Good0.7 (0.2–2.3)1.2 (0.3–5.1)0.8 (0.3–2.4)1.5 (0.3–7.3)1.4 (0.3–5.4)
 Fair/poor0.1 (0.0–1.8)1.2 (0.1–9.3)0.8 (0.2–2.9)1.6 (0.2–12.4)1.6 (0.3–8.5)
Trouble using appendages
 Normal use
 Some trouble2 (0.6–6.9)0.5 (0.2–1.6)0.8 (0.3–2.0)0.4 (0.1–1.2)1.2 (0.4–4.0)
 Lot of trouble/no use at all0.9 (0.1–7.1)1.8 (0.3–9.9)0.9 (0.2–3.5)2.7 (0.5–14.1)1.5 (0.3–7.1)
How well youth converses
 No trouble
 Little trouble1.3 (0.4–4.5)1.2 (0.4–3.4)0.8 (0.3–2.0)1.4 (0.5–4.4)1.2 (0.4–3.7)
 Lot of trouble4.7* (1.0–21.6)1.4 (0.4–4.2)0.7 (0.2–2.2)1 (0.3–3.8)1.1 (0.3–5.1)
 Not at all16.3* (1.9142.3)0.3 (0.0–2.7)0.5 (0.1–2.4)b1.7 (0.3–9.0)
Functional skills scale1.1* (1.0–1.2)1.1** (1.0–1.3)1.1** (1.0–1.2)1.2*** (1.1–1.3)0.9** (0.8–0.9)
  • *P < .05; **P < .01; ***P < .001.

  • Source: NLTS2, wave 4. No. of multiply-imputed data sets = 50. Weighted to population levels. Variances adjusted for sampling method. CI indicates confidence interval.

  • a This variable was deleted from these models because of 0 counts in the “yes” category.

  • b This level of this variable was dropped because low cell count prevented model from converging.