TABLE 1

Univariate Percentage Distributions of Correlates and Stratified Rates of Outcomes Among Youth With an ASD

CorrelateUnivariate Distribution (95% CI)Percentage Rates of Outcomes (95% CI)
Any Vocational or Technical EducationAny 2- or 4-y CollegeAny Paid EmploymentBoth Education/ EmploymentNo Participation
Overall9.3 (6.3–13.4)34.7 (27.9–42.3)55.1 (46.5–63.4)26.8 (20.7–34.0)34.9 (27.2–43.5)
Gender
 Male86.9 (81.1–91.1)9.9 (6.4–14.9)32.4 (25.5–40.2)54.5 (45.3–63.4)24.6 (18.8–31.5)35.6 (27.0–45.3)
 Female13.1 (8.9–18.9)5.3 (2.2–12.0)50.1 (29.2–70.9)59.1 (39.6–76.1)41.9 (21.2–65.9)30.3 (16.9–48.2)
Age
 198.0 (4.8–13.2)7.3 (1.8–24.7)60.9 (37.3–80.4)45.7 (22.9–70.4)33.4 (15.2–58.3)21.4 (8.5–44.0)
 2016.9 (12.8–21.9)13.7 (7.3–24.4)32.3 (20.8–46.4)60.1 (47.6–71.4)27.4 (17.1–40.9)32.3 (21.5–45.3)
 2120.3 (15.8–25.6)12.2 (7.2–20.1)32.0 (21.7–44.5)48.1 (35.1–61.3)20.2 (12.3–31.2)38.5 (26.9–51.5)
 2233.0 (25.8–41.2)8.3 (3.7–17.6)24.2 (15.6–35.6)43.9 (29.3–59.6)17.8 (10.7–28.1)47.0 (31.9–62.6)
 2321.9 (15.6–29.8)5.4 (1.5–17.1)45.3 (25.7–66.4)78.2 (63.4–88.1)43.8 (24.5–65.2)20.4 (10.9–35.0)
Hispanic
 No90.6 (84.7–94.4)9.9 (6.8–14.2)36.1 (29.0–43.8)57.2 (48.5–65.4)28.4 (22.0–35.8)32.8 (25.5–41.1)
 Yes9.4 (5.6–15.3)a21.5 (8.5–44.4)35.2 (14.7–63.0)11.9 (3.7–31.4)55.2 (28.9–78.9)
Race
 White73.5 (65.8–80.0)9.8 (6.4–14.7)37.9 (29.8–46.8)61.0 (51.8–69.5)30.5 (23.1–39.0)28.9 (21.4–37.9)
 African American17.8 (12.1–25.3)5.4 (2.5–11.2)19.9 (10.4–34.6)35.4 (16.7–59.2)13.0 (5.6–26.9)57.1 (34.5–77.2)
 Mixed/other8.7 (5.4–13.8)13.4 (3.8–37.7)37.8 (18.0–62.7)45.1 (22.2–70.3)24.3 (8.0–54.0)40.2 (20.3–63.8)
Income
 ≤$25 00016.5 (11.1–23.6)3.7 (1.3–10.2)23.4 (10.2–44.3)36.6 (18.4–59.1)15.0 (5.3–34.7)54.6 (33.3–74.5)
 $25 001–$50 00030.5 (22.4–39.9)7.2 (3.4–14.8)27.9 (15.1–45.2)48.5 (30.9–66.6)18.6 (8.6–35.1)40.7 (25.2–58.2)
 $50 001–$75 00034.6 (27.2–42.7)9.3 (5.0–16.5)40.9 (27.9–55.3)61.4 (48.4–73.0)32.9 (20.7–47.7)29.6 (19.4–42.4)
 Over $75 00018.4 (13.3–25.0)17.8 (9.0–32.3)44.2 (29.7–59.6)70.4 (56.5–81.4)39.5 (26.2–54.6)17.8 (8.9–32.2)
In high school until age 21
 No91.8 (86.5–95.2)10.0 (6.8–14.5)36.9 (30.0–44–4)60.0 (51.6–67.8)28.8 (22.5–36.1)29.6 (22.9–37.4)
 Yes8.2 (4.8–13.5)aa6.8 (2.2–17.9)a92.2 (81.9–97.0)
Years since high school
 <125.4 (19.2–32.8)4.4 (2.0–9.2)24.2 (12.3–42.1)30.0 (18.8–44.1)14.6 (5.8–32.1)58.5 (44.4–71.4)
 1–218.3 (13.2–24.8)8.3 (2.7–22.8)21.7 (11.4–37.1)40.1 (25.0–57.3)15.1 (6.9–29.6)51.9 (34.4–68.9)
 2–320.6 (16.0–26.2)11.1 (4.9–23.1)32.3 (21.1–45.9)61.3 (46.9–74.1)23.3 (13.9–36.4)28.9 (17.8–43.3)
 3–419.8 (13.2–28.5)16.0 (7.1–32.2)35.7 (20.2–54.8)70.1 (44.0–88.0)25.8 (13.9–42.9)14.3 (2.5–45.7)
 4–715.9 (10.9–22.4)7.6 (2.2–23.2)68.6 (49.1–83.1)85.9 (74.2–92.8)65.9 (46.7–81.0)11.1 (5.1–22.7)
Overall health
 Excellent36.2 (28.0–45.3)12.8 (7.6–20.8)40.3 (28.6–53.1)62.5 (50.8–72.9)31.5 (21.4–43.6)27.5 (17.9–39.5)
 Very good37.3 (28.4–47.1)8.5 (4.2–16.1)34.4 (21.3–50.2)57.7 (43.3–71.0)25.8 (14.7–41.3)29.5 (18.3–43.7)
 Good20.2 (14.1–27.8)7.0 (2.3–19.0)25.8 (12.4–45.3)41.0 (25.2–58.7)20.3 (9.0–38.9)53.0 (35.5–69.9)
 Fair/poor6.3 (3.4–11.2)a31.2 (11.0–61.1)42.0 (18.8–69.1)26.2 (9.2–54.0)52.9 (26.5–77.8)
Trouble using appendages
 Normal use74.8 (66.5–81.6)8.9 (5.7–13.8)37.5 (29.7–46.0)58.0 (48.7–66.9)30.0 (22.9–38.2)32.1 (24.0–41.4)
 Some trouble19.1 (12.8–27.5)11.7 (5.2–24.0)26.4 (12.5–46.9)50.7 (30.3–70.8)16.8 (7.7–32.5)38.0 (20.5–59.2)
 Lots of trouble/ no use at all6.1 (3.5–10.2)6.1 (1.3–22.0)26.4 (8.8–56.0)33.1 (14.5–58.8)20.1 (6.4–47.3)60.4 (34.1–82.0)
How well youth converses
 No trouble17.6 (11.8–25.4)8.0 (4.0–15.2)41.4 (23.6–61.8)72.3 (52.3–86.2)34.6 (18.5–55.1)20.3 (8.6–40.6)
 Little trouble43.4 (36.2–50.9)8.5 (4.2–16.5)44.9 (33.9–56.3)68.4 (58.7–76.7)38.5 (27.9–50.3)21.7 (14.8–30.5)
 Lots of trouble25.9 (20.0–32.8)11.5 (5.6–22.0)27.9 (16.1–43.7)40.2 (24.0–58.6)10.4 (5.7–18.0)45.7 (28.5–63.9)
 Not at all13.1 (8.7–19.2)9.2 (2.7–26.8)5.6 (1.4–19.5)17.4 (7.1–36.0)a77.2 (59.4–88.8)
Functional skills scale (quartiles)
 High ability (28–32)24.6 (17.4–33.3)17.9 (9.2–31.9)59.1 (40.3–75.7)82.2 (68.9–90.8)52.3 (34.7–69.4)6.3 (2.0–16.9)
 3 (22–27)24.2 (17.6–32.3)8.2 (4.6–14.1)43.9 (29.1–59.9)66.9 (50.8–80.0)35.2 (21.7–51.4)23.1 (12.0–39.1)
 2 (16–21)25.7 (18.3–34.6)4.7 (1.8–11.3)25.7 (13.0–43.9)49.6 (33.4–66.0)18.3 (8.0–35.5)42.4 (27.3–58.8)
 Lowest ability (8–15)25.5 (18.5–33.9)6.8 (2.7–16.2)11.2 (3.1–30.5)23.2 (10.6–42.7)a66.3 (47.4–81.3)
  • Source: NLTS2, wave 4. No. of multiply-imputed data sets = 50. Weighted to population levels. Variances adjusted for sampling method. CI indicates confidence interval.

  • a Point estimate not reported because of low cell count for this category.