TABLE 1

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of CYSHCN Enrolled in Medicaid

All Subjects, N = 2 597 987Opioid Prescription
No, n = 2 406 816Yes, n = 191 171
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Demographics
 Age in y
  112 989 (0.5)12 688 (0.5)301 (0.2)
  1–5635 903 (24.5)608 373 (25.3)27 530 (14.4)
  5–9642 644 (24.7)612 065 (25.4)30 579 (16.0)
  10–12479 739 (18.5)455 761 (18.9)23 978 (12.5)
  13–18826 712 (31.8)717 929 (29.8)108 783 (56.9)
 Sex
  Male1 350 873 (52.0)1 259 024 (52.3)91 849 (48.0)
  Female1 247 114 (48.0)1 147 792 (47.7)99 322 (52.0)
 Race and/or ethnicity
  Non-Hispanic white1 234 155 (47.5)1 128 993 (46.9)105 162 (55.0)
  Non-Hispanic African American822 472 (31.7)770 136 (32.0)52 336 (27.4)
  Hispanic212 695 (8.2)201 419 (8.4)11 276 (5.9)
  Other328 665 (12.6)306 268 (12.7)22 397 (11.7)
Clinical characteristics
 CCC
  Yes252 994 (9.7)217 510 (9.0)35 484 (18.6)
 Technology assistance
  Yes21 909 (0.8)17 098 (0.7)4811 (2.5)
 No. additional nonopioid prescription classesa received
  0449 008 (17.3)442 260 (18.4)6748 (3.5)
  1–2720 362 (27.7)686 918 (28.5)33 444 (17.5)
  3–4605 602 (23.3)562 965 (23.4)42 637 (22.3)
  5–6395 568 (15.2)357 961 (14.9)37 607 (19.7)
  ≥7427 447 (16.5)356 712 (14.8)70 735 (37.0)
  • a Based on 2-digit GPI code, which categorizes major classes of medications.