TABLE 2

Opioids Prescribed for CYSHCN Enrolled in Medicaid

OpioidOpioid Prescription
nPercent of TotalDays Supplied, median (IQR)
Acetaminophen/hydrocodone bitartrate129 14647.54 (3–6)
Acetaminophen/codeine phosphate58 41421.54 (3–5)
Oxycodone hydrochloride25 7619.55 (3–8)
Acetaminophen/oxycodone hydrochloride24 5109.05 (3–6)
Tramadol hydrochloride16 7476.25 (3–10)
Fentanyl citrate210 3643.81 (1–1)
Morphine sulfate28931.11 (1–7)
Hydromorphone hydrochloride14380.51 (1–5)
Methadone hydrochloride7010.330 (9–30)
Meperidine hydrochloride4960.21 (1–1)
Acetaminophen/tramadol hydrochloride4060.14 (3–7)
Hydrocodone bitartrate/ibuprofen3860.14 (3–5)
Fentanyl patch2360.130 (18–30)
Acetaminophen/butalbital/caffeine/codeine phosphate1530.15 (5–10)
Codeine sulfate660.05 (3–8)
Tapentadol hydrochloride430.030 (10–30)
Aspirin/butalbital/caffeine/codeine phosphate400.06 (4–30)
Remifentanil hydrochloridea220.01 (1–1)
Oxymorphone hydrochloride170.030 (30–30)
Opium110.030 (30–30)
Otherb190.0
  • —, not applicable.

  • a This is an intravenous opioid that may have been administered to a child with peripheral or central vascular access by a home health professional or hospice provider.

  • b Other includes (each with n ≤10) sufentanil citrate, hydrocodone bitartrate, alfentanil hydrochloride, belladonna alkaloids/opium alkaloids, aspirin/oxycodone hydrochloride, codeine/dexbrompheniramine/pseudoephedrine, morphine sulfate/naltrexone hydrochloride.