TABLE 1

Distribution of Sociodemographic Characteristics and Preventive Visits Among Children With and Without Medical Homes

CharacteristicAll ChildrenChildren With a Medical HomeChildren Without a Medical HomeOR (95% CI)
(N = 70 007)(n = 40 678)(n = 29 329)
Gender
 Male49.3 (0.3)49.1 (0.4)49.6 (0.5)Reference
 Female50.7 (0.3)50.9 (0.4)50.4 (0.5)1.0 (0.9–1.1)
Age, mean ± SE, y 8.2 ± 07.5 ± 09.1 ± 0.1
Age, y
 0–1 12.6 (0.2)16.5 (0.3)7.5 (0.3)Reference
 2–5 23.7 (0.3)26.6 (0.4)19.8 (0.4)0.6 (0.5–0.7)a
 6–1132.3 (0.3)29.0 (0.4)36.5 (0.5)0.3 (0.3–0.4)a
 12–17 31.5 (0.3)27.9 (0.4)36.2 (0.5)0.3 (0.3–0.4)a
Race and ethnicity
 Hispanic15.1 (0.3)11.9 (0.3)19.2 (0.5)0.5 (0.5–0.6)a
 Non-Hispanic white64.6 (0.3)69.3 (0.4)58.3 (0.5)Reference
 Non-Hispanic black13.0 (0.3)11.8 (0.3)14.6 (0.4)0.7 (0.6–0.8)a
 Non-Hispanic, multiracial2.9 (0.1)2.9 (0.1)2.9 (0.2)0.9 (0.7–1.0)
 Other, non-Hispanic4.4 (0.2)4.0 (0.2)5.0 (0.3)0.8 (0.6–0.9)a
Household income as % of the FPL
 0%–99% 13.9 (0.3)11.1 (0.3)17.7 (0.5)Reference
 100%–199% 21.5 (0.3)19.0 (0.4)24.7 (0.5)1.2 (1.1–1.4)a
 200%–399% 34.8 (0.3)36.0 (0.4)33.2 (0.5)1.6 (1.5–1.8)a
 ≥400% 29.8 (0.3)33.9 (0.4)24.4 (0.4)2.0 (1.8–2.2)a
Highest attained parental education
 <High school5.9 (0.2)4.2 (0.2)8.1 (0.4)Reference
 High school24.4 (0.3)21.3 (0.4)28.4 (0.5)1.4 (1.2–1.7)a
 >High school69.8 (0.3)74.5 (0.4)63.5 (0.5)2.1 (1.8–2.5)a
Primary language spoken in the home
 English89.5 (0.3)92.8 (0.3)85.1 (0.5)Reference
 Any other language10.5 (0.3)7.2 (0.3)14.9 (0.5)0.5 (0.4–0.6)a
Current health insurance coverage
 No6.4 (0.2)4.5 (0.2)8.8 (0.3)Reference
 Yes93.6 (0.2)95.5 (0.2)91.2 (0.3)1.7 (1.5–2.0)a
Family structure
 2-parent (biological/adoptive)67.8 (0.3)71.8 (0.4)62.5 (0.5)Reference
 2-parent (step)7.7 (0.2)7.0 (0.2)8.6 (0.3)0.7 (0.7–0.8)a
 Single mother20.5 (0.3)18.0 (0.4)23.9 (0.5)0.7 (0.6–0.7)a
 Other4.0 (0.1)3.2 (0.2)5.0 (0.2)0.6 (0.5–0.7)a
No. of preventive visits in the past 12 mo
 020.5 (0.3)18.3 (0.3)25.5 (0.6)Reference
 ≥179.5 (0.3)81.7 (0.3)74.5 (0.6)1.5 (1.4–1.6)a
  • Data are presented as % (SE), unless otherwise indicated.

  • * Significant at P < .05.