TABLE 2

Distribution of Vehicle and Crash Characteristics for Child Occupants According to Driver Status (Grandparent Versus Parent) in the PCPS

CharacteristicGrandparent (N = 1143)Parent (N = 10 716)Pa
Vehicle type<.001
    Passenger car57.4 (654)38.4 (4328)
    Cargo van1.2 (17)1.3 (176)
    Pickup truck8.1 (92)6.8 (754)
    Sport utility vehicle19.6 (214)29.9 (3035)
    Minivan13.8 (166)23.6 (2423)
Model year.06
    1990–199726.2 (334)20.8 (2738)
    1998–200134.8 (432)36.5 (3923)
    2002–200839.0 (377)42.7 (4055)
Initial impact direction.06
    Frontal38.0 (446)42.7 (4666)
    Onside13.6 (167)10.2 (1213)
    Offside17.0 (200)12.7 (1427)
    Rear28.1 (232)31.0 (2479)
    Rollover1.6 (83)2.0 (759)
    Other, miscellaneous, or unknown1.6 (15)1.4 (172)
Posted speed limit, mph.06
    1–2511.4 (109)12.8 (1142)
    26–3530.7 (357)28.3 (2954)
    36–4519.7 (260)23.1 (2750)
    46–5510.8 (165)12.5 (1703)
    56–755.1 (91)7.1 (938)
    None posted17.5 (116)13.7 (954)
    Unknown4.8 (45)2.6 (275)
Crash severity.49
    Any intrusion7.2 (210)6.7 (2099)
    Tow away, no intrusion25.7 (534)28.2 (4847)
    None67.0 (399)65.1 (3770)
Single-vehicle crash14.0 (170)16.7 (1870).16
  • Data are weighted (%) (unweighted n).

  • a χ2 Test that the proportions are the same for grandparent and parent drivers.