TABLE 1

Distribution of Passenger and Driver Characteristics for Child Occupants According to Driver Status (Grandparent Versus Parent) in the PCPS

CharacteristicGrandparent (N = 1143)Parent (N = 10 716)Pa
Child injury0.70 (113)1.05 (1189).024
Any child restraint98.0 (1100)98.7 (10 424).33
Level of child restraint.004
    Optimal restraint72.5 (773)79.3 (8036)
    Suboptimal restraint25.5 (327)19.3 (2388)
    Unrestrained2.0 (377)1.3 (292)
Seated in the front row20.7 (278)18.0 (2271).10
Age of child, y.017
    0–324.7 (259)30.1 (2778)
    4–836.9 (412)32.9 (3542)
    9–1225.1 (319)22.6 (2680)
    13–1513.3 (153)14.4 (1716)
Gender of child (male)47.9 (544)49.3 (5230).50
Gender of driver (male)23.1 (276)29.2 (3205).006
Driver restraint97.7 (1112)96.5 (10222).10
Driver injury3.29 (154)2.42 (1155).14
Median driver age (95% range)58 (43–77)36 (22–51)NA
  • Data are weighted (%) (unweighted n).

  • a χ2 Test that the proportions are the same for grandparent and parent drivers.