TABLE 1

Characteristics of the Sample Grouped According to Smoking Status

Categorical VariablesaSmoking Status, n (%)P
Never SmokerEver Smoker
Gender<.001
    Female1574 (32.3)1177 (24.1)
    Male1059 (21.7)1068 (21.9)
Ethnicity<.001
    Black2237 (48.7)1544 (33.6)
    White243 (5.3)565 (12.3)
  • Percentages represent percentages within the total sample.

  • a χ2 tests were used to examine differences.