TABLE 2

Mean Dietary Intake Among Young Adults With or Without Children From Project EAT-III

WomenMen
Parents (N = 88)Nonparents (N = 681)Pkcal, Adjusted PaParents (N = 43)Nonparents (N = 568)Pkcal, Adjusted P
Food servings, n
    Fruit (no juice)b1.771.71.45.121.081.09.94.73
    Vegetables (no potatoes)c4.374.05.11.382.212.05.82.55
    Dark vegetablesd1.401.31.84.03g0.560.55.94.46
    Dairy foodse1.921.66.01.682.081.80.29.30
    Whole grainsf2.211.9.05.872.001.98.43.64
    Sugar-sweetened drinksf1.030.57<.001.0010.650.70.79.51
Nutrients
    Energy, kcal23601992<.00123672235.30
    Energy from fat, %30.129.6.3532.431.7.49
    Energy from saturated fat, %10.39.5.00311.110.4.07
    Folate, μg1090840<.001.15803864.55.16
    Calcium, mg11331004.005.5510681040.71.98
    Fiber, g26.124.0.04.0620.219.6.79.46
  • All models were weighted and adjusted for race, SES, age, and time 2 of the outcome. Energy adjustments were made by using the nutrient-density method.

  • a Adjusted for total energy intake.

  • b Fruit = raisins (1 oz), grapes (½ cup), prunes (6), bananas (1), cantaloupe (¼ melon), fresh apples or pears (1), oranges (1), grapefruit (½), strawberries (½ cup), blueberries (½ cup), peaches or plums (1 fresh or ½ canned), and apricots (1 fresh or 5 dried).

  • c Vegetables = tomatoes (2 slices), tomato sauce (½ cup), string beans (½ cup), beans/lentils (½ cup), peas/lima beans (½ cup), broccoli (½ cup), cauliflower (½ cup), cabbage/coleslaw (½ cup), brussel sprouts (½ cup), carrots (½ cup raw, ½ cooked), corn (½ cup), mixed vegetables (½ cup), yams (½ cup), spinach (1 cup raw, ½ cup cooked), iceberg lettuce (1 serving), romaine/leaf lettuce (1 serving), celery (2–3 sticks), peppers (3 slices), and onions (½ cup).

  • d Dark vegetables = broccoli (½ cup), kale/mustard greens/chard (½ cup), spinach (1 cup raw, ½ cup cooked), romaine/leaf lettuce (1 serving), carrots (½ cup raw, ½ cup cooked), and yams/sweet potatoes (½ cup).

  • e Dairy foods = milk (8 oz), skim, 1% or 2%, whole; yogurt, low carbohydrate, plain, sweetened (1 cup); hard cheeses (1 oz or 1 slice); cottage or ricotta cheese (½ cup); frozen yogurt/sherbet/low-fat ice cream (1 cup); regular ice cream (1 cup); pizza (2 slices); and dairy coffee drink (16 oz).

  • f Sugar-sweetened drinks = carbonated beverage with caffeine and sugar (1 glass or bottle), other carbonated beverage with sugar (1 glass or bottle), and other sugared beverage (eg, lemonade, sports drink) (1 glass or bottle).

  • g The direction of the relationship flipped, and parents had lower intakes of dark vegetables.