TABLE 6

Mortality and Timing of Death for Infants With Early Onset Infections

All Patients (N = 389)Preterm (22–36 wk) With GBS or E coliTerm (37+ wk) With GBS or E coliOverall With GBS or E coli
GBS (n = 43)E coli (n = 87)GBS (n = 117)E coli (n = 20)GBS (n = 160)E coli (n = 107)Adjusted RR for E coli vs GBS (95% CI)a
All deaths, n (%)61 (16)13 (30)33 (38)2 (2)2 (10)15 (9)35 (33)1.27 (.77–2.08)
Timing of death, n (%)b
    0–3 d35 (57)7 (54)21 (64)1 (50)1 (50)8 (53)22 (63)
    4–7 d12 (20)1 (8)7 (21)1 (50)1 (50)2 (13)8 (23)
    8–14 d3 (5)0 (0)2 (6)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)2 (6)
    >14 d11 (18)5 (38)3 (9)0 (0)0 (0)5 (33)3 (9)
  • a Relative risk (RR) of death and 95% confidence interval (CI) for infants with E coli versus GBS infection adjusted for gestational age from a Poisson regression model that included gestational age (continuous) and pathogen group indicator. The adjusted RR was not statistically significant, P = .35.

  • b Percents are among infants who died.