TABLE 5

Percentage of Visits for Specific Indication During Which a Controlled Medication Was Prescribed Between 2005 and 2007 in the NAMCS and NHAMCS

Primary Reason for VisitaAdolescent, Ages 15–19 yYoung Adult, Ages 20–29 yP
Headache
    Any13.024.0.01
    Opioid12.716.4.33
Back pain
    Any23.436.9.008
    Opioid21.533.4.01
Musculoskeletal
    Any12.926.2<.001
    Opioid11.324.8<.001
Injury
    Any16.626.3<.001
    Opioid15.024.3<.001
Psychiatricb
    Any31.232.1.84
    Sedative-hypnotic8.921.0<.001
    Stimulant22.77.1<.001
Abdominal painc
    Any15.928.2<.001
    Opioid13.026.8<.001
  • a Descriptions of visit codes are listed in Supplemental Table 6; includes outpatient and emergency department settings.

  • b Psychiatric includes depression, anxiety, and symptoms referable to psychological and mental disorders; excludes primary insomnia.

  • c Excludes appendicitis or hernia.