TABLE 4

Characteristics of Patient Visits During Which a Controlled Medication Was Prescribed Between 2005 and 2007

CharacteristicAdolescents, Ages 15–19 yYoung Adults, Ages 20–29 y
Non–Injury-Related VisitInjury-Related VisitNon–Injury-Related VisitInjury-Related Visit
Percent of VisitsPAdjusted Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)aPercentage of VisitsPAdjusted Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)aPercentage of VisitsPAdjusted Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)aPercentage of VisitsPAdjusted Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)a
Total9.614.513.827.0
Site of care
    Ambulatory office8.3<.0011.07.2<.0011.010.7<.0011.019.5<.0011.0
    Emergency department21.02.7 (2.2–3.4)27.44.5 (2.8–7.4)32.64.2 (3.6–4.9)37.22.2 (1.6–2.9)
Gender
    Female9.0.061.014.0.671.012.5<.0011.028.0.411.0
    Male10.81.3 (1.1–1.6)14.91.1 (0.8–1.7)17.61.4 (1.2–1.6)26.20.9 (0.8–1.2)
Race
    White9.7.351.014.2.691.014.4.0091.026.5.421.0
    Black10.30.8 (0.6–1.2)16.60.7 (0.5–1.1)12.50.6 (0.5–0.8)29.80.9 (0.7–1.1)
    Otherb6.60.6 (0.3–1.2)13.00.7 (0.3–1.6)9.50.6 (0.4–0.9)24.50.9 (0.5-1.6)
Ethnicityc
    Non-Hispanic10.0.041.014.6.711.014.3.021.027.2.521.0
    Hispanic7.10.6 (0.4–0.9)13.60.8 (0.5–1.3)11.30.7 (0.6–0.9)25.40.9 (0.6–1.2)
Insurance
    Private8.3<.0011.011.3<.0011.013.1<.0011.021.7<.0011.0
    Public10.71.3 (1.0–1.7)16.81.3 (0.8–2.0)14.41.1 (0.9–1.3)35.31.8 (1.4–2.5)
    Uninsured19.42.1 (1.4–3.3)28.01.6 (1.0–2.6)19.21.0 (0.8–1.2)38.11.6 (1.2–2.2)
    Otherd87.30.8 (0.5–1.4)19.51.5 (0.8–2.7)10.00.6 (0.4–0.9)20.11.0 (0.8–1.4)
Region
    Northeast6.7<.0011.08.0.0011.010.4.0011.020.8.0061.0
    Midwest7.61.1 (0.7–1.6)11.51.5 (1.0–2.5)12.71.3 (1.0–1.6)23.21.2 (0.9–1.7)
    South12.11.8 (1.3–2.5)18.72.6 (1.5–4.5)15.61.6 (1.3–2.1)32.21.9 (1.4–2.6)
    West10.51.8 (1.3–2.6)18.52.6 (1.5–4.6)14.81.7 (1.3–2.2)26.91.6 (1.0–2.4)
Metropolitane
    Metropolitan9.3.091.014.7.671.013.7.591.027.4.331.0
    Rural11.81.2 (0.9–1.6)13.40.8 (0.5–1.2)14.81.0 (0.7–1.4)24.50.8 (0.6–1.1)
  • a Adjusted for all covariates listed.

  • b Other includes Asian, Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, and patients with more than 1 race reported.

  • c Any race.

  • d Other insurance includes worker's compensation, other forms of payment, and unknown source of expected payment.

  • e Metropolitan indicates a metropolitan sampling area. Rural includes nonmetropolitan sampling areas, including rural areas and micropolitan areas.