TABLE 2

Protective Factors

Dispositional/Temperamental Attributes of the ChildWarm and Secure Family RelationshipsAvailability of Extrafamilial Support
Above-average cognitive abilityPresence of a caring and supportive adultStructured school environment
High ego control (high degree of impulse control and modulation)Positive family changes(eg, family interventions, father no longer allowed on visitations)Involvement with a religious community
Internal locus of control (belief in one's ability to control own destiny)Involvement in extracurricular activities or hobbies
External attribution of blame (attribute cause to something outside oneself [eg, some external pressure])Access to good health, educational, and social welfare services
Presence of spirituality
Ego control and ego resilience (able to modify impulses and insulate themselves from environmental distracters)
High self-esteem or sense of self-worth