TABLE 2

Prevalence of GAS carriage Among Asymptomatic Children

SourceAge Range, yNSettingCountryPrevalence (%)
All ages
    Unceta et al,28 20050.5–14413ClinicSpain12
    Kim et al,29 2004School aged581SchoolKorea17
    Fazeli et al,30 20036–131588SchoolIran11
    G̈ur et al,31 20026–161161SchoolTurkey14
    Attia et al,32 20011–18194Clinic/EDUnited States15
    Jasir et al,33 2000School-aged1885SchoolIran21
    Pichichero et al,34 19992–16227ClinicUnited States3
    Gunnarsson et al,11 19973–15565SchoolSweden10
    Edmond et al,35 19964–1785EDAustralia5
    Cimolai et al,a 19912–18247ClinicCanada13
    Lieu et al,36 19881–17100EDUnited States20
    Hofkosh et al,37 19883–15414ClinicUnited States5
    Reed et al,25 19882–1296ClinicUnited States26
    McMillan et al,38 19864–18307ClinicUnited States12
    Ginsburg et al,39 19855–14622ClinicUnited States5
    Karoui et al,40 19826–161041SchoolKuwait10
    Feery et al,26 19766–1626ClinicAustralia15
    Koshi et al,41 1971<15110ClinicIndia5
    Pooled prevalence (95% CI)12 (9–14)
Younger than 5 y
    Gunnarsson et al,11 19970–2216SchoolSweden3
    Edmond et al,35 19960–350EDAustralia10
    Ginsburg et al,39 19850–5740ClinicUnited States2
    Feery et al,26 19760–530ClinicAustralia17
    Pooled prevalence (95% CI)4 (1–7)
  • ED indicates emergency department.

  • a Cimolai N, Morrison BJ, MacCulloch L, Smith DF, Hlady J. Beta-haemolytic non-group A streptococci and pharyngitis: a case-control study. Eur J Pediatrics. 1991;150:776–779