TABLE 1

Patient Characteristics

CharacteristicBefore Policy (March 2010 to September 17, 2012), 30.5 moAfter Policy (September 18, 2012 to March 2016), 41.5 mo
Total visits, N15297
 Average per mo0.57.2
Age, range6 wk–18 y2 wk–18 y
 Median, y1.893.32
Male sex, n (%)8 (53.3)160 (53.9)
Race, n (%)
 White3 (20.0)13 (4.4)
 African American6 (40.0)93 (31.3)
 Other0 (0.0)15 (5.1)
 Unknown0 (0.0)6 (2.0
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Hispanic6 (40.0)170 (57.2)
Medical complaint, n (%)
 Yes12 (80.0)103 (34.7)
 No3 (20.0)194 (65.3)
Type of medical complaint, n (%)a
 Viral syndrome or fever3 (20.0)31 (10.4)
 Gastrointestinal3 (20.0)21 (7.1)
 Crying or ALTE2 (13.3)1 (0.3)
 Respiratory1 (6.7)15 (5.1)
 Developmental or growth1 (6.7)11 (3.7)
 Rash1 (6.7)9 (3.0)
 Injury1 (6.7)3 (1.0)
 Technology dependence1 (6.7)0 (0.0)
 Pregnancy1 (6.7)1 (0.3)
 Pharyngitis0 (0.03 (1.0)
 Urinary tract infection0 (0.0)3 (1.0)
 Conjunctivitis0 (0.0)2 (0.7)
 Epistaxis0 (0.0)2 (0.7)
 Mental or behavioral health0 (0.0)2 (0.7)
 Neurologic problem0 (0.0)2 (0.7)
 Otitis media0 (0.0)1 (0.3)
 Anemia0 (0.0)1 (0.3)
Chronic medical condition, n (%)
 Yes8 (53.3)78 (26.3)
 No7 (46.7)219 (73.7)
Type of medical condition, n (%)a
 Medical complexity or technology dependence3 (20.0)15 (5.1)
 Asthma2 13.3)38 (12.7)
 Gastrointestinal1 (6.7)4 (1.3)
 Endocrinologic1 (6.7)1 (0.3)
 HIV1 (6.7)1 (0.3)
 Mental or behavioral health0 (0.0)9 (3.0)
 Cardiac0 (0.0)6 (2.0)
 Hematologic0 (0.0)4 (1.3)
 Neurologic0 (0.0)3 (1.0)
 Urologic0 (0.0)1 (0.3)
Type of insurance, n (%)
 Commercial3 (20.0)4 (1.4)
 State based12 (80.0)268 (90.2)
 Out of state0 (0.0)15 (5.1)
 Uninsured0 (0.0)1 (0.3)
 Unknown0 (0.0)9 (3.0)
Siblings present, n (%)1 (11.1)161 (60.5)
Accompanied by a family member, n (%)
 Mother11 (73.3)285 (96.0)
 Father4 (26.7)26 (8.8)
 Grandparent0 (0.0)8 (2.7)
 Aunt or uncle0 (0.0)2 (0.7)
 Foster parent0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Other0 (0.0)2 (0.7)
 Unaccompanied2 (13.3)4 (1.4)
Repeat visit for homelessness, n (%)0 (0.0)29 (9.1)
Return visit for any reason within 1 mo, n (%)5 (33.3)44 (14.9)
Seen at housing office (DHCD) within 2 wk before ED visit?
 Yes2 (13.3)141 (47.5)
 No8 (53.3)130 (43.8)
 Not documented or unknown5 (33.3)26 (8.8)
  • ALTE, apparent life-threatening event.

  • a Numbers may not equal the total number of patients with a medical complaint or chronic medical problem because some patients had >1 medical complaint or chronic medical problem.