TABLE 2

Ranking of Clinical Activities Respondents Considered to Be Associated With Frequency of Error and Potential for Harm

n (%)Average Ranking
Frequency of error
    Medication-related activities, such as prescribing, dispensing, or administering medications617 (85)2.06
    Prevention-related activities, such as hand-washing, injury prevention/nutrition counseling, or vaccination status398 (55)1.11
    Monitoring-related activities, such as follow-up data on growth charts or close follow-up monitoring of acutely or chronically ill children419 (58)1.01
    Evaluation- and diagnosis-related activities, such as history and physical and/or diagnostic tests and consultations401 (55)0.99
    Surgery- and anesthesia-related activities that occur in operating room150 (21)0.36
    Nonsurgical procedure-related activities, such as lumbar puncture or venipuncturea91 (13)0.17
Potential to harm
    Medication-related activities, such as prescribing, dispensing, or administering medications653 (90)2.01
    Surgery- and anesthesia-related activities that occur in operating room514 (71)1.82
    Evaluation- and diagnosis-related activities, such as history and physical and/or diagnostic tests and consultations312 (43)0.72
    Prevention-related activities, such as hand-washing, injury prevention/nutrition counseling, or vaccination status208 (29)0.43
    Monitoring-related activities, such as follow-up data on growth charts or close follow-up monitoring of acutely or chronically ill children186 (26)0.36
    Nonsurgical procedure-related activities, such as lumbar puncture or venipuncturea194 (27)0.35
  • The n values refer to the number of participants who selected the item and assigned a rank of first, second, or third, and proportions refer to the proportions of participants who selected a particular item and ranked the item first, second, or third.

  • a Errors potentially could include any type of error in procedure performance (eg, wrong patient or wrong technique).