TABLE 1

Baseline Characteristics of Survey Respondents

n (%)P
Trainee (N = 291)Academic Pediatrician (N = 289)Community Pediatrician (N = 165)Total (N = 727)
Study site<.0001
    Site A (Houston)118 (41)137 (51)102 (62)357 (49)
    Site B (Houston)44 (15)59 (22)0 (0)a103 (14)
    Site C (Cincinnati)129 (44)75 (28)63 (38)267 (37)
Gender.045
    Male103 (35)123 (46)67 (41)293 (40)
    Female188 (65)146 (54)98 (59)432 (59)
    Missing data0 (0)2 (1)0 (0)2 (0)
Race/ethnicityNot significant
    American Indian/Alaska native1 (0)1 (0)0 (0)2 (0)
    Asian47 (16)39 (14)19 (12)105 (14)
    Black24 (8)10 (4)15 (9)49 (7)
    Hispanic23 (8)24 (9)9 (5)56 (8)
    Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander0 (0)2 (1)0 (0)2 (0)
    White186 (64)183 (68)116 (70)485 (67)
    Other10 (3)10 (4)5 (3)25 (3)
    Missing data0 (0)2 (1)1 (0)3 (0)
Training in medical schoolb
    Yes, in informal training114 (39)77 (28)52 (32)243 (33)
    Yes, in formal curriculum81 (28)24 (9)10 (6)115 (16)
    No62 (21)136 (50)84 (51)282 (39)
    Missing data43 (15)36 (13)20 (12)99 (14)
Training in residencyb
    Yes, in informal training106 (36)111 (41)68 (41)285 (39)
    Yes, in formal curriculum115 (40)27 (10)18 (11)160 (22)
    No37 (13)99 (37)62 (38)198 (27)
    Missing data43 (15)36 (13)20 (20)99 (14)
Time in practice<.0001
    0–5 y12 (4)85 (31)31 (19)128 (18)
    6–10 y0 (0)36 (13)26 (16)62 (8)
    11–15 y0 (0)40 (15)21 (13)61 (8)
    16–20 y0 (0)26 (10)17 (10)43 (6)
    >20 y0 (0)44 (16)49 (30)93 (13)
    Not applicable236 (81)4 (1)1 (1)241 (33)
    Missing data43 (15)36 (13)20 (12)99 (14)
Allocated proportion of clinical time<.0001
    0%–25%6 (2)49 (18)0 (0)55 (8)
    26%–50%11 (4)56 (21)2 (1)69 (9)
    51%–75%26 (9)52 (19)8 (5)86 (12)
    76%–100%192 (66)72 (26)134 (81)398 (55)
    Not applicable10 (3)0 (0)1 (1)11 (1)
    Missing data46 (16)42 (16)20 (12)108 (15)
  • a There was no community group at Site B.

  • b Proportions add up to >100% because a few participants responded yes regarding both informal training and formal curriculum.