TABLE 3

ORs for Any ADHD Subtype for 10-Fold Increases in Urinary DAP Metabolite Levels (N = 1139)

OR (95% CI)
Cases Identified With DISC-IV (n = 119)Cases Identified With DISC-IV or ADHD Medication (n = 148)
UnadjustedAdjustedaUnadjustedAdjusteda
DEAPs1.02 (0.74–1.41)0.94 (0.69–1.28)0.88 (0.66–1.18)0.80 (0.60–1.05)
DMAPs1.66 (1.24–2.22)1.55 (1.14–2.10)1.87 (1.42–2.47)1.72 (1.31–2.28)
Total DAPs1.31 (1.06–1.63)1.21 (0.97–1.51)1.48 (1.20–1.82)1.35 (1.10–1.67)
  • a Adjusted for gender, age, race/ethnicity, PIR, fasting duration, and logarithmically transformed urinary creatinine concentration.