TABLE 4

Mean HAZ z Scores for Children, Aged 12, 24, 36, 48, and 59 Months, at Birth According to Country

Region and CountryHAZ z Scores, WHO Reference
1 mo12 mo24 mo36 mo48 mo59 mo
EURO
    Armenia−0.67−0.30−0.24−0.340.17−0.80
    Kazakhstan0.26−1.26−0.58−0.78−0.90−1.21
    Kyrgyzstan−0.18−1.31−1.22−1.53aNANA
    Moldova−0.010.18−0.01−0.49−0.59−0.33
    Mongoliab−0.52−0.69−1.38−1.23−1.10−1.52
    Montenegro0.461.590.700.471.000.56
    Turkey−0.31−0.27−0.67−0.98−1.13−1.13
PAHO/AMRO
    Bolivia−0.18−1.21−1.80−1.68−1.30−1.54
    Brazil0.43−0.11−0.72−0.59−0.12−0.27
    Colombia−0.38−0.92−0.99−1.10−1.05−1.06
    Dominican Republic0.04−0.01−0.49−0.49−0.26−0.24
    Guatemala−1.29−1.23−2.28−2.03−2.04−2.75
    Haiti−0.57−1.00−1.73−1.55−1.43−1.58
    Honduras−1.05−0.99−1.53−1.45−1.54−1.51
    Nicaragua0.03−0.50−1.36−1.33−1.18−1.08
    Peru−0.43−1.18−1.52−1.87−1.77−1.60
EMRO
    Egypt−0.47−0.11−1.12−0.89−0.72−1.02
    Jordan0.320.13−0.63−0.71−0.40−0.74
    Morocco−0.54−0.16−1.29−1.01−1.00−0.96
    Yemen−0.80−1.50−2.40−2.40−2.49−2.51
SEARO
    Bangladesh−1.08−1.67−2.42−2.32−2.24−2.38
    Cambodiac−0.60−1.67−1.77−2.20−2.24−2.07
    India−0.78−1.47−2.07−2.11−2.30−2.16
    Nepal−0.49−1.58−2.04−2.66−2.38−2.43
AFRO
    Benin−0.55−1.43−1.62−2.17−1.72−1.76
    Burkina Faso0.04−1.25−2.18−1.81−1.51−1.97
    Cameroon−0.15−1.17−1.45−1.63−1.67−1.16
    Central African Republic−0.39−1.49−2.37−2.14aNANA
    Chad0.57−0.95−2.05−1.77−1.75−1.70
    Comoros−0.75−1.44−2.32−2.45aNANA
    Congo (Brazzaville)−0.63−0.73−0.96−1.05−1.37−1.10
    Cote D'Ivoire−0.89−0.81−1.85−2.09−1.26−1.30
    Eritrea−0.12−1.21−2.22−2.34−2.01−1.76
    Ethiopia0.68−1.34−2.15−2.14−1.70−2.57
    Gabon−0.19−0.70−1.65−1.29−0.96−1.10
    Ghana−0.38−0.99−2.10−2.00−1.54−1.38
    Guinea0.03−0.63−1.94−1.79−1.58−1.76
    Kenya−0.72−1.06−1.80−1.65−1.29−1.32
    Lesotho−0.90−1.43−2.00−2.09−2.29−1.73
    Liberia−0.58−1.44−1.80−2.23−1.65−2.32
    Madagascar−0.64−1.46−2.38−2.21−2.45−2.65
    Malawi−0.83−1.97−1.99−2.37−2.30−2.23
    Mali−0.23−1.24−1.76−1.94−1.51−1.34
    Mauritania−0.68−0.85−1.63−1.66−2.16−2.07
    Mozambique−0.78−1.70−2.22−2.00−1.88−1.63
    Namibia−0.81−0.65−1.74−1.36−1.14−1.25
    Niger−0.35−1.87−2.59−2.28−2.00−2.71
    Nigeria−0.44−1.60−1.61−1.88−1.74−2.38
    Rwanda−0.43−1.84−2.33−2.36−2.17−2.46
    Senegal−0.15−0.39−1.27−1.14−1.08−1.49
    Tanzania−0.88−1.34−1.93−1.95−1.67−1.97
    Uganda−0.45−1.47−1.71−1.92−1.94−1.81
    Zambia−0.47−1.67−2.46−2.46−2.09−2.29
    Zimbabwe0.02−1.30−1.16−1.58−1.60−1.34
  • Analyses are of information from the WHO Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. NA indicates not applicable.

  • a Data for children aged 35 months instead of 36 months.

  • b Mongolia was analyzed in the EURO region because of the lack of other WPRO countries in the data set.

  • c Cambodia was analyzed in the SEARO region because of the lack of other WPRO countries in the data set.