TABLE 3

Mean WHZ z Scores for Children, Aged 12, 24, 36, 48, and 59 Months, at Birth According to Country

Region and CountryWHZ z Scores, WHO Reference
1 mo12 mo24 mo36 mo48 mo59 mo
EURO
    Armenia−0.500.16−0.040.830.830.08
    Kazakhstan−0.290.791.290.250.000.23
    Kyrgyzstan0.600.220.560.24aNANA
    Moldova0.120.800.900.26−0.210.09
    Mongoliab0.360.720.830.640.490.12
    Montenegro−0.041.041.311.171.080.70
    Turkey1.080.710.310.910.830.56
PAHO/AMRO
    Bolivia0.600.230.610.810.680.64
    Brazil−0.430.780.340.470.740.21
    Colombia0.120.210.430.220.110.16
    Dominican Republic0.350.430.390.380.330.29
    Guatemala1.080.140.150.620.39−0.06
    Haiti0.42−0.53−0.13−0.46−0.35−0.38
    Honduras−0.590.500.240.460.390.44
    Nicaragua−0.170.470.530.440.510.47
    Peru0.880.600.490.280.350.55
EMRO
    Egypt0.290.620.480.530.280.17
    Jordan0.570.080.540.510.460.00
    Morocco0.350.690.510.18−0.03−0.24
    Yemen−0.50−1.04−0.69−0.55−0.73−0.59
SEARO
    Bangladesh−0.45−1.17−1.04−0.91−0.89−1.01
    Cambodiac−0.67−0.48−0.54−0.70−0.45−0.69
    India−1.11−1.08−1.06−0.96−0.98−1.16
    Nepal−0.69−1.25−1.00−0.69−1.01−0.91
AFRO
    Benin0.23−0.010.050.210.12−0.26
    Burkina Faso−0.52−1.61−0.96−0.35−0.33−0.54
    Cameroon0.19−0.360.160.160.230.14
    Central African Republic−0.06−0.64−0.050.09aNANA
    Chad−1.08−0.89−0.75−0.39−0.41−0.52
    Comoros0.03−0.41−0.17−0.19aNANA
    Congo (Brazzaville)0.360.11−0.14−0.160.020.06
    Cote D'Ivoire0.24−0.75−0.390.120.05−0.73
    Eritrea−0.35−1.27−0.69−0.77−0.86−0.89
    Ethiopia0.23−1.00−0.33−0.24−0.45−0.47
    Gabon0.230.04−0.280.220.08−0.22
    Ghana0.06−0.78−0.660.140.06−0.30
    Guinea0.04−0.67−0.04−0.10−0.20−0.09
    Kenya0.91−0.34−0.060.09−0.07−0.21
    Lesotho0.570.410.540.600.61−0.16
    Liberia0.50−0.75−0.14−0.13−0.06−0.04
    Madagascar0.26−0.72−0.45−0.74−0.55−0.13
    Malawi0.750.350.250.550.360.26
    Mali−0.15−1.06−0.50−0.26−0.35−0.87
    Mauritania−0.06−0.60−0.32−0.61−0.76−0.63
    Mozambique0.40−0.340.250.250.390.14
    Namibia0.39−0.130.19−0.33−0.42−0.75
    Niger0.14−0.98−0.63−0.40−0.52−0.28
    Nigeria0.10−0.77−0.02−0.14−0.210.02
    Rwanda0.55−0.210.110.390.410.37
    Senegal−0.08−0.91−0.33−0.48−0.47−0.67
    Tanzania0.50−0.17−0.030.11−0.04−0.26
    Uganda0.01−0.79−0.200.130.350.05
    Zambia0.22−0.40−0.160.400.11−0.06
    Zimbabwe0.250.36−0.080.040.22−0.03
  • Analyses are of information from the WHO Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. NA indicates not applicable.

  • a Data for children aged 35 months instead of 36 months.

  • b Mongolia was analyzed in the EURO region because of the lack of other WPRO countries in the data set.

  • c Cambodia was analyzed in the SEARO region because of the lack of other WPRO countries in the data set.