TABLE 2

Demographic Characteristics of Caregivers

CharacteristicIntervention Group (N = 129)Control Group (N = 129)Plan to Spank Their Child Less Often (N = 12)a
Age, mean (SD), y28.9 (7.1)29.4 (7.9)27.3 (4.4)
Gender, female112 (86.8)101 (78.3)10 (83.3)
Caregiver relationship with child
    Mother105 (81.4)95 (73.6)10 (83.3)
    Father17 (13.2)28 (21.7)2 (16.7)
    Other7 (5.4)6 (4.7)0 (0.0)
Education
    < high school22 (17.1)17 (13.2)4 (33.3)
    High school48 (37.2)53 (41.1)6 (50.0)
    Some college36 (27.9)47 (36.4)2 (16.7)
    College23 (17.8)12 (9.3)0 (0.0)
Race
    White43 (33.3)33 (25.6)2 (16.7)
    Black48 (37.2)62 (48.1)4 (33.3)
    Hispanic34 (26.4)25 (19.4)5 (41.7)
    Asian2 (1.6)7 (5.4)0 (0.0)
    Other2 (1.6)2 (1.6)1 (8.3)
Marital status
    Now married50 (38.8)50 (38.8)5 (41.7)
    Never married70 (54.3)66 (51.2)6 (50.0)
    Divorced5 (3.9)4 (3.1)0 (0.0)
    Separated4 (3.1)7 (5.4)1 (8.3)
    Widowed0 (0.0)2 (1.6)0 (0.0)
Average age of child, mean (SD), y2.4 (1.2)2.2 (1.3)2.7 (0.9)
Total No. of children, mean (SD)2.1 (1.0)2.3 (1.3)2.0 (0.74)
No. of y of daycare/preschool experience
    No experience88 (68.2)99 (76.7)9 (75.0)
    <2 y12 (9.3)3 (2.3)1 (8.3)
    At least 2 y26 (20.2)25 (19.4)2 (16.7)
    Unknown3 (2.3)2 (1.6)0 (0.0)
  • All data presented as n (%) unless indicated otherwise.

  • a After the clinic visit, caregivers were asked if they planned to do anything differently to discipline their child. All 12 caregivers who verbalized that they planned to spank less often were in the intervention group.