Summary of Recent Evidence for Therapies Used for Bronchiolitis

BronchodilatorsNo improvement in duration of illness or hospitalization58,59No routine use
May improve short-term clinical scores in a subset of children58Use only after proven benefit in a trial of therapy, if chosen as an option
CorticosteroidsNo improvement in duration of illness or hospitalization7,63No routine use
Leukotriene receptor antagonistsNo improvement in duration of illness67,75Not recommended
Nebulized hypertonic salineMay reduce length of inpatient hospitalization70None