TABLE 2

Characteristics of the Drawings

All (N = 103)5–6 y Old (n = 19)7–8 y Old (n = 31)9–10 y Old (n = 20)11–12 y Old (n = 19)≥13 y Old (n = 14)P
No. viruses represented, n (minimum to maximum)1 (1–60)1 (1–2)1 (1–38)1 (1–1)1 (1–60)1 (1–1)
Shape of the virus(es), n (%).37
 Circle54 (52)9 (48)13 (42)12 (60)11 (58)9 (65)
 Oval38 (37)8 (42)13 (42)8 (40)7 (37)2 (14)
 Humanlike (body)5 (5)1 (5)3 (10)001 (7)
 Other6 (6)1 (5)2 (6)01 (5)2 (14)
Body color, n (%).73
 Red18 (17)3 (16)7 (23)5 (25)2 (11)1 (7)
 Green27 (26)3 (16)9 (29)4 (20)4 (21)7 (50)
 Yellow7 (7)2 (10)2 (6)1 (5)2 (11)0
 Blue4 (4)03 (10)001 (7)
 Black11 (11)2 (10)4 (13)2 (10)3 (16)0
 Multiple6 (6)1 (5)2 (6)2 (10)01 (7)
 None30 (29)8 (43)4 (13)6 (30)8 (43)4 (29)
3D representation, n (%)23 (22)2 (10)5 (16)6 (30)5 (26)5 (36).047
Anthropomorphic feature, n (%)38 (37)9 (47)14 (45)9 (45)2 (10)4 (28).032
Elements drawn other than the virus, n (%)20 (19)4 (21)6 (19)2 (10)5 (26)3 (21).86
Text accompanying the drawing, n (%)13 (13)04 (13)3 (15)3 (16)3 (21).074
Maximum length of the drawing,a n; mean (SD), mm83; 95.5 (44.8)14; 101.1 (55.5)21; 90.9 (41.2)17; 100.9 (44)18; 93.2 (46.6)13; 89.8 (35).95
Presence of a crown, n (%)91 (88)18 (95)25 (81)18 (90)17 (89)13 (93).78
 If yes, n (%).84
  Simple84 (92)18 (100)22 (88)15 (83)17 (100)12 (92)
  Complex7 (7)03 (22)3 (17)01 (8)
  Shape of crown,b n981828211714.61
   Line, n (%)13 (13)3 (17)3 (11)3 (14)2 (12)2 (14)
   Spike, n (%)13 (13)3 (17)3 (11)3 (14)2 (12)2 (14)
   Circle n (%)6 (6)3 (17)1 (3)1 (5)1 (6)0
   Mushroomlike, n (%)55 (57)8 (44)15 (53)12 (57)11 (64)9 (65)
   Halo, n (%)6 (6)1 (5)3 (11)1 (5)01 (7)
   Square, n (%)5 (5)03 (11)1 (5)1 (6)0
  Color of crown(s), n911825181713.30
   Red, n (%)16 (18)2 (11)5 (20)1 (5)5 (29)3 (23)
   Green, n (%)29 (31)6 (33)8 (32)5 (28)6 (35)4 (31)
   Yellow, n (%)7 (8)1 (6)1 (4)2 (11)1 (6)2 (15)
   Blue, n (%)10 (11)2 (11)4 (16)1 (6)1 (6)2 (15)
   Black, n (%)16 (18)2 (11)3 (12)6 (33)4 (24)1 (8)
   Multiple, n (%)13 (14)5 (28)4 (16)3 (17)0 (0)1 (8)
  • For purposes of clarity, parameters according to sex are not represented because they were never statistically different. —, not applicable.

  • a Twenty of the 103 drawings were excluded from the size analysis because they had been done on a nonstandardized sheet of paper.

  • b Seven drawings had >1 crown; therefore, the number of “shape of crown” (n = 98) is larger than the number of drawings with presence of a crown (n = 91).