TABLE 2

PHQ-9A and ASQ Screening Results Stratified by Subject Characteristics

Subject CharacteristicPHQ-9A (N = 803)ASQ (n = 803) Positive, % (n)
Positive for Any Depression, % (n)Positive for MDD, % (n)
Overall56.4 (453)24.7 (198)21.1 (169)
Age
 12–13 y63.3 (195)28.9 (89)25.0 (77)
 14–15 y55.4 (134)22.3 (54)19.4 (47)
 16–17 y49.7 (97)21.5 (42)18.0 (35)
 18–20 y46.6 (27)22.4 (13)17.2 (10)
P<.01.18.18
Sex
 Male48.5 (161)15.7 (52)11.5 (38)
 Female62.0 (292)31.0 (146)27.8 (131)
P<.001<.001<.001
Race and ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white65.1 (54)27.7 (23)31.3 (26)
 Non-Hispanic Black55.0 (268)21.8 (106)18.1 (88)
 Hispanic56.4 (84)30.2 (45)20.1 (30)
 Other56.6 (47)28.9 (24)30.1 (25)
P.41.11<.01
Home language and clinic interpreter use
 English58.9 (333)24.4 (138)22.0 (124)
 Spanish, no interpreter45.5 (10)31.8 (7)22.7 (5)
 Spanish, interpreter53.8 (57)28.3 (30)20.8 (22)
 Somali, no interpreter29.7 (11)8.1 (3)0 (0)
 Somali, interpreter44.4 (8)16.7 (3)11.1 (2)
 Other, no interpreter67.9 (19)35.7 (10)32.1 (9)
 Other, interpreter55.6 (15)25.9 (7)25.9 (7)
P.01.12<.01
Insurance
 Medicaid only57.7 (364)24.1 (152)20.4 (129)
 Any private48.2 (53)24.6 (27)19.1 (21)
 Self-pay60.0 (33)29.1 (16)29.1 (16)
P.16.67.28