TABLE 1

Characteristics of the Study Population by Latinx Ethnicity and Time Period

CharacteristicAll EncountersLatinxNot Latinx
Immigration action time period (October 2016–March 2017) (n = 314 092 encounters, n = 114 627 individuals)
 Encounters52 235261 857
 Individuals (n)114 62720 05594 572
 Years of age, mean (SD)7.6 (5.9)7.3 (5.5)7.7 (5.9)
 Insurance status, n (%)
  Private insurance122 459 (39.0)4631 (8.9)117 828 (45.0)
  Public insurance171 875 (54.8)42 993 (82.3)128 882 (49.2)
  Uninsured19 576 (6.2)4585 (8.8)14 991 (5.7)
 Clinic setting, n (%)
  Primary care178 621 (50.6)34 556 (66.2)144 065 (55.0)
  Referral135 471 (49.4)17 679 (33.8)117 792 (45.0)
 Primary care visit type, n (%)a
  Acute42 906 (13.7)8893 (17.0)34 013 (13.0)
  Preventive67 806 (21.6)13 487 (25.8)54 319 (20.7)
  Chronic disease48 207 (15.3)8498 (16.3)39 709 (15.2)
Control time period (October 2015–March 2016) (n = 295 993 encounters, n = 107 657 individuals)
 Encounters53 683242 310
 Individuals, n107 65719 98887 669
 Years of age, mean (SD)7.4 (5.9)6.8 (5.4)7.5 (5.9)
 Insurance status, n (%)b
  Private insurance109 564 (37.1)4455 (8.3)105 109 (43.4)
  Public insurance163 248 (55.2)43 803 (81.6)119 445 (49.4)
  Uninsured22 859 (7.7)5398 (10.1)17 461 (7.2)
 Clinic setting, n (%)
  Primary care172 630 (58.3)37 217 (69.3)135 413 (55.9)
  Referral123 363 (41.7)16 466 (30.7)106 897 (44.1)
 Primary care visit type, n (%)a
  Acute41 315 (14.0)10 182 (19.0)31 133 (12.8)
  Preventive64 796 (21.9)14 656 (27.3)50 140 (20.7)
  Chronic disease49 861 (16.8)9333 (17.4)40 528 (16.7)
  • a Only specified for visits in the primary care setting (n = 178 621 in immigration action period and 172 630 in control period) that could be categorized as acute (same day or sick), preventive (well child, physicals, immunizations), or chronic (follow-up or return).

  • b Missing insurance status: n = 322 (n = 27 Latinx, 295 non-Latinx).