TABLE 3

Unadjusted Prevalence of Depression, Substance Use and Medical Diagnoses, and Health Care Use Over Time

1 y Prescreening1 y Prescreening1 y Prescreening
SBIRT Group (n = 185)UC (n = 104)PSBIRT Group (n = 185)UC (n = 104)PSBIRT Group (n = 185)UC (n = 104)P
Comorbidity, n (%)
 Any depression diagnosis30 (16.2)23 (21.9).217 (3.8)12 (11.4).0131 (16.8)29 (27.6).03
 Any substance use diagnosis5 (2.7)3 (2.9).934 (2.2)3 (2.9).7022 (11.9)21 (20.0).06
 Any chronic conditiona28 (15.1)24 (22.9).0911 (5.9)14 (13.3).0364 (34.6)43 (41.0).25
Any use, n (%)
 Hospitalization2 (1.1)0 (0.0).290 (0.0)1 (1.0).186 (3.2)7 (6.7).17
 Any outpatient142 (76.8)80 (76.2).9752 (28.1)38 (36.2).14161 (87.0)92 (87.6).72
  ED42 (22.7)27 (25.7).5311 (5.9)11 (10.5).1567 (36.2)47 (44.8).13
  Specialty substance use treatment4 (2.2)0 (0.0).131 (0.5)0 (0.0).458 (4.3)8 (7.6).23
  Psychiatry46 (24.9)23 (21.9).6012 (6.5)10 (9.5).3438 (20.5)27 (25.7).29
  Primary care130 (70.3)76 (72.4).6146 (24.9)33 (31.4).21157 (84.9)88 (83.8).95
No. visits, mean (SE)
 All outpatient6.55 (0.81)5.63 (0.01).501.51 (0.31)2.01 (0.43).3512.11 (1.76)13.13 (1.73).68
  ED0.31 (0.05)0.39 (0.08).350.08 (0.02)0.17 (0.06).140.78 (0.11)1.17 (0.22).12
  Specialty substance use treatment0.32 (0.22)0.00 (0.00).150.14 (0.14)0.00 (0.00).322.59 (1.18)2.05 (1.22).75
  Psychiatry2.56 (0.53)2.52 (0.87).970.36 (0.12)0.61 (0.25).392.04 (0.46)2.60 (0.82).55
  Primary care1.97 (0.17)1.78 (0.20).490.68 (0.12)0.86 (0.18).415.12 (0.44)5.28 (0.51).82
  • a Any chronic condition included asthma, arthritis, diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, migraine, rhinitis, and sinusitis.