TABLE 3

Summary of ED Management

N (%)
Overall (N = 1637)0–28 d Old (n = 100)29–56 d Old (n = 444)57–90 d Old (n = 1093)
Diagnostic testing
 Any testing for bacterial infectiona355 (21.7)58 (58.0)177 (39.9)120 (11.0)
 Complete blood count311 (19.0)54 (54.0)164 (36.9)93 (8.5)
 Blood culture278 (17.0)53 (53.0)147 (33.1)78 (7.1)
 Urine culture207 (12.6)46 (46.0)102 (23.0)59 (5.4)
 CSF culture102 (6.2)34 (34.0)58 (13.1)10 (0.9)
 Respiratory pathogen testb161 (9.8)27 (27.0)46 (10.4)88 (8.1)
Consultations
 Otolaryngologist64 (3.9)8 (8.0)40 (9.0)16 (1.5)
Treatment
 IV or IM antibiotics175 (10.7)37 (37.0)86 (19.4)52 (4.8)
 Prescription for oral antibioticc1311 (90.4)37 (71.2)299 (81.3)975 (94.7)
Disposition
 Discharged from the ED1450 (88.5)52 (52.0)368 (82.9)1030 (94.2)
 Hospitalized186 (11.4)47 (47.0)76 (17.1)63 (5.8)
 Transferred to another hospital1 (0.1)1 (1.0)0 (0)0 (0)
  • IM, intramuscular; IV, intravenous.

  • a Defined as obtaining ≥1 of the following tests: complete blood count, blood culture, CSF culture, or urine culture.

  • b Includes any respiratory testing, including point-of-care respiratory syncytial virus and influenza testing, as well viral pathogen panels.

  • c Percentage reflects total out of infants discharged from the ED (1311 out of 1450 for all ages, 37 out of 52 for 0–28 days, 299 out of 368 for 29–56 days, and 975 out of 1030 for 57–90 days).