TABLE 2

Neonatal Characteristics and Outcomes for All Live Born Neonates and Comparison Between Those Born to Asymptomatic or Symptomatic Mothers

All Live Born Neonates (n = 149)Neonates Born to Asymptomatic Mothers (n = 59)Neonates Born to Symptomatic Mothers (n = 90)P
Admission to the NICUa18/149 (12)1/59 (2)17/89 (19).001
Neonatal demisea1/149 (1)0/59 (0)1/90 (1).99
Discharged from the hospitala142/149 (95)59/59 (100)83/90 (92).04
Need for more than routine resuscitation at birtha15/149 (10)2/59 (3)13/90 (14).04
Highest neonatal respiratory support in the NICUa
 Nasal cannula1/148 (1)0/59 (0)1/89 (1).99
 High flow nasal cannula1/148 (1)0/59 (0)1/89 (1).99
 CPAP or SiPaP3/148 (2)1/59 (2)2/89 (2).99
 Mechanical ventilation5/148 (3)0/59 (0)5/89 (6).16
Clinical characteristics in the NICUa
 Respiratory distress13/148 (9)1/59 (2)12/89 (13).02
 Systemic hypotension requiring vasopressors2/148 (1)0/59 (0)2/89 (2).52
 Feeding difficulty8/148 (5)1/59 (2)7/89 (8).15
Other support used in the NICUa
 Total parenteral nutrition6/148 (4)0/59 (0)6/89 (7).08
 Inhaled nitric oxide1/148 (1)0/59 (0)1/89 (1).99
RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2
 Age at first test after birth, hb20±1023±518±13.005
 Positivea0/140 (0)0/54 (0)0/86 (0)
 Age at second test after birth, hb55±2650±1255±28.26
 Positivea1/87 (1)0/21 (0)1/66 (1).99
  • CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure; siPaP, synchronized intermittent positive airway pressure; —, not applicable.

  • a Expressed as n/number of patients with available data for the variable (%); different denominator for some variables because of missing data points.

  • b Expressed as mean ± SD.