TABLE 1

Patient and Family Characteristics

Entire Cohort, n = 36 223ASD Cohort, n = 522 (1.4%, 1 in 69)
Sex (n = 36 222), n (%)
 Male18 741 (51.7)403 (77.2)
 Female17 481 (48.3)119 (22.8)
Race and ethnicity, n (%)
 Non-Hispanic white29 676 (81.9)399 (76.4)
 Hispanic3935 (10.9)70 (13.4)
 Other976 (2.7)19 (3.6)
 Asian or Pacific Islander848 (2.3)19 (3.6)
 Non-Hispanic black422 (1.2)11 (2.1)
 Missing366 (0.9)4 (0.8)
Location, n (%)
 Urban or suburban24 419 (67.4)365 (69.9)
 Rural713 (2.0)10 (1.9)
 Mixed10 308 (28.5)143 (27.4)
 Missing783 (2.2)4 (0.8)
Insurance, n (%)
 Private21 037 (58.1)302 (57.9)
 Government10 375 (28.6)146 (28.0)
 Other3608 (10.0)59 (11.3)
 Self-pay1164 (3.2)15 (2.9)
 Missing39 (0.1)0 (0.0)
SES, n (%)
 1 (highest)8471 (23.4)77 (14.8)
 29832 (27.1)132 (25.3)
 37293 (20.1)118 (22.6)
 45225 (14.4)93 (17.8)
 5 (lowest)4619 (12.8)98 (18.8)
 Missing783 (2.2)4 (0.8)
ASD diagnosis
 Yes, n (%)522 (1.4)
 No, n (%)35 701 (98.6)
 Average age of diagnosis (n = 522), mo (SD)46.8 ( 17.7)
 Time to diagnosis after positive screen, d (SD)646 (476)
  • —, not applicable.