TABLE 1

Characteristics of Apparently Healthy Children Who Underwent Inpatient Surgery (NSQIP-P 2012–2017)

Overall (N = 140 666)White (n = 120 991)AA (n = 19 675)
No. Children (%)aNo. Children (%)aNo. Children (%)a
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Age, mo
  >24 (older children)113 773 (80.9)97 746 (80.8)16 027 (81.5)
  1–12 (infants)22 140 (15.7)19 154 (15.8)2986 (15.2)
  <1 (neonates)4753 (3.4)4091 (3.4)662 (3.4)
 Male sex76 319 (54.3)65 545 (54.2)10 774 (54.8)
Perioperative profile
 ASA class
  143 643 (31.0)38 420 (31.8)5223 (26.5)
  297 023 (69.0)82 571 (68.2)14 452 (73.5)
 RVU
  ≤25118 255 (84.1)102 199 (84.5)16 056 (81.6)
  25–5022 056 (15.7)18 495 (15.3)3561 (18.1)
  >50355 (0.3)297 (0.2)58 (0.3)
 Year of surgery
  201216 119 (11.5)14 075 (11.6)2044 (10.4)
  201320 012 (14.2)17 293 (14.3)2719 (13.8)
  201419 899 (14.1)17 229 (14.2)2670 (13.6)
  201525 211 (17.9)21 392 (17.7)3819 (19.4)
  201629 308 (20.8)25 202 (20.8)4106 (20.9)
  201730 117 (21.4)25 800 (21.3)4317 (21.9)
 Case urgency
  Elective85 406 (60.7)72 980 (60.3)12 426 (63.2)
  Urgent32 090 (22.8)28 027 (23.2)4063 (20.7)
  Emergent23 170 (16.5)19 984 (16.5)3186 (16.2)
 CPT risk tertiles
  145 875 (32.6)39 365 (32.5)6510 (33.1)
  251 527 (36.6)45 277 (37.4)6250 (31.8)
  343 264 (30.8)36 349 (30.0)6915 (35.2)
 Operating time >250 min12 883 (9.2)10 686 (8.8)2197 (11.2)
Preoperative comorbidities
 Cardiac risk factors6479 (4.6)5427 (4.5)1052 (5.3)
 Gastrointestinal disease22 366 (15.9)19 111 (15.8)3255 (16.5)
 Childhood malignancy2533 (1.8)2259 (1.9)274 (1.4)
 Sepsis19 857 (14.1)17 497 (14.5)2360 (12.0)
 Seizure disorder3335 (2.4)2747 (2.3)588 (3.0)
 Structural pulmonary abnormalities4540 (3.2)3818 (3.2)722 (3.7)
 Structural CNS abnormality14 320 (10.2)12 424 (10.3)1896 (9.6)
 Chronic lung disease1374 (1.0)1054 (0.9)320 (1.6)
  • We retained children (age ≤17 y old) with ASA class 1 or 2 who underwent inpatient surgical procedures. CNS, central nervous system.

  • a Percentages are for the column.