Prereading Skills (in Native English Speakers)

By Approximate Mean Age
Says first words12 mo
Follows 1-part directions15 mo
Uses 2- to 3-word phrases or sentences2 y
Can speak many words, uses prepositions2–3 y
Begins to sing the ABC song (as a string of connected letters)3 y
Begins to enjoy rhyming games413 y, 4 mo
Can name parts of words that rhyme413 y, 6 mo
Recognizes and names written letters4 y
Pronounces new words with little difficulty4 y
Begins to learn the sounds that letters make5 y
Masters the sounds of all letters5 y (early in kindergarten)
Recognizes most or all lower- and upper-case letters5 y (end of kindergarten)