TABLE 1

Definitions

TermDescription
Children in immigrant families (CIF)Children who are foreign born and those who are born in the United States and have at least 1 parent who was foreign born
Immigrant childrenChildren born outside the United States
Lawful permanent residents (LPR)Immigrants with permission to live and work permanently in the United States
RefugeeChildren or adults who fled persecution in their home countries and legally entered the United States after being screened and approved by US agencies abroad
AsylumStatus that can be granted to people already in the United States who have a well-founded fear of persecution by or permitted by their government on the basis of 1 of 5 grounds and who satisfy the requirements for refugee status
T nonimmigrant status (“T visa”)Victims of severe forms of trafficking who can demonstrate that they would suffer extreme hardship involving unusual or severe harm if removed from the United States
U nonimmigrant status (“U visa”)Victims of certain serious crimes who have cooperated with law enforcement in the investigation or prosecution of the crime
Special immigrant juvenile status (SIJS)Noncitizen minors who were abused, neglected, or abandoned by 1 or both parents
Temporary protected status (TPS)Status granted to individuals physically present in the United States who are from countries designated by the Secretary of the US Department of Homeland Security as unsafe to accept their return
J-1 classification (exchange visitors)Status granted to those who intend to participate in an approved program for the purposes of teaching, instructing or lecturing, studying, observing, conducting research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, receiving training, or receiving graduate medical education or training
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)Temporary relief from deportation with strict criteria based on age of arrival to United States, whether the individual is in school or working, and whether the individual has no criminal offenses or threats
Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent ResidentsTemporary relief from deportation for parents of children who are US citizens or have LPR that was never implemented