TABLE 2

Baseline Associations With Picky-Eating Trajectory Membership

Picky-Eating Trajectory MembershipP
LowMediumHigh
Maternal characteristics
 Age, y, mean (SD)a28.5 (6.13)29.6 (7.28)31.1 (9.45).52
 Race and/or ethnicity, n (%)
  Non-Hispanic white54 (60.0)119 (68.79)31 (73.81).21
  Hispanic or not white36 (40.0)54 (31.21)11 (26.19)
 Level of education is high school diploma or more, n (%)39 (43.33)89 (51.44)19 (45.24).42
 Parity, mean (SD)2.02 (0.90)1.98 (1.23)1.61 (0.95).12
 BMI, mean (SD)33.4 (9.80)32.1 (8.70)31.8 (7.51).48
Child characteristics
 BMIz at baseline, mean (SD)0.99 (1.08)b0.75 (1.11)b,c0.49 (1.04)c.046
 Male sex, n (%)34 (37.8)b103 (60.6)c20 (47.6)b,c.003
 Emotional regulation, mean (SD)3.32 (0.33)b3.13 (0.39)c3.05 (0.37)c<.001
 Emotional lability, mean (SD)1.82 (0.43)b2.01 (0.49)c2.09 (0.48)c.002
  • Analysis of variance or the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for continuous variables, and the χ2 test was used for categorical variables. Superscripts b and c that differ from one another denote significant differences between low, medium, and high picky-eating trajectories in the row variable.

  • a Kruskal-Wallis test.