TABLE 1

Characteristics of Intervention Models Comparing Collaborative Versus NICU QI Groups

ComponentCPQCC QI Collaborative ModelCPQCC NICU QI Model
Technical knowledgeExpert Panel uses Toolkit to draft charter and change package. Expert Panel devotes 1 day plus follow-up discussions to help NICUs develop much of the charter and change package, then facilitates finalization of these with the NICUs.Use of CPQCC Toolkit with user friendly 1- to 2-page change package.
QI principlesQI Experts from Expert Panel provide teaching on QI principles at initial face-to-face Learning Session and reinforce teaching on monthly calls and each face-to-face Learning Session.A basic understanding of QI principles (view training module online and participate in kick-off webinar or workshop with Local QI Expert, defined as a person at the hospital trained in QI methods).
AIM statementExpert Panel devotes 1 day plus follow-up discussions to develop much of the Collaborative AIM statement then facilitates finalization of the AIM statement with the NICUs. NICUs develop individual AIM statements.QI Expert helps NICU project team create local AIM statement. AIM Statement sent into CPQCC.
Outcome dataMonthly report out by each NICU; time for sharing and asking one another questions; data for the collaborative reviewed in detail each month.Primary outcome data sent into CPQCC monthly.
Process metricsMonthly report out by each NICU; extensive data collection with downloadable graphs and reports; entry into extranet; expert assistance with entering data and understanding graphs; QI Expert(s) graph collaborative results.Process Metrics sent into CPQCC monthly.
Meetings3 face-to-face, full-day meetings, all 3 Learning Sessions with full Expert Panel. Monthly Web-based/teleconference meetings (60–90 min) with full Expert Panel and presentation each month by 1 Expert; report out by each NICU; time for sharing and asking one another questions; data for the collaborative reviewed in detail each month.Quarterly local staff meetings (kick-off and 3 other meetings) at site to review data/interventions/barriers; Expert participates in these meetings.