TABLE 3

Age-Appropriate Recommendations for Increased Physical Activity

Infant (0–1 y)Toddler (1–3 y)Preschool (3–5 y)Elementary (5–10 y)Middle School (11–14 y)Adolescence (15–18 y)
FrequencyDailyDailyDailyDailyDailyDaily
IntensityAnyAnyAny, including some moderate to vigorousModerate to vigorousModerate to vigorousModerate to vigorous
TimeSeveral times per dayAt least 180 min/dAt least 180 min/d, of which at least 60 min are moderate-to-vigorous intensityAt least 60 min/dAt least 60 min/dAt least 60 min/d
TypeInteractive floor-based play and at least 30 min of tummy time spread throughout the day while awakeActivities that develop gross motor skills; examples include walking in the neighborhood, unorganized free play outdoors, walking through a park or zoo, or playing on a playground for toddlersActivities that develop gross motor skills; unorganized free play in a safe environment; activities include walking, running, swimming, tumbling, throwing, and catchingAerobic daily; vigorous activity, muscle, and bone- strengthening at least 3 d/wk; include free play with opportunities for fundamental movement skill development through walk, dance, jump rope. Introduce organized sports with flexible rules and short instruction time with a focus on enjoyment rather than competitionAerobic daily; vigorous activity, muscle, and bone- strengthening at least 3 d/wk; incorporate activities that are enjoyable and encourage socialization; avoid sports specializationAerobic daily; vigorous activity, muscle, and bone- strengthening at least 3 d/wk; incorporate activities that are enjoyable and encourage socialization and competition, when appropriate
  • Data are from references 9, 15, 73, 75, 83, and 84.