TABLE 2

Baseline Characteristics of Participants by Risk Groups

Low Risk (n = 43)High Risk (n = 64)P
Child
 Sex
  Male17 (39.5)35 (54.7).12
 With siblings
  Yes19 (44.2)32 (50.0).56
 Attending day care
  Yes, full-time1 (2.3)4 (6.3).35
Mother
 Age34.3 (4.2)34.4 (4.5).55
 BMI23.0 (2.2)31.4 (5.7)<.001
 Education level
  <12 y9 (20.9)24 (37.5).07
 Nordic
  No4 (9.3)8 (12.5).61
Father
 Age36.7 (4.9)36.3 (5.0).67
 BMI23.3 (1.6)29.6 (6.6)<.001
 Education level
  <12 y10 (23.3)33 (51.6).003
 Nordic
  No3 (7.0)14 (21.9).04
Family
 Education levela
  Low4 (9.3)19 (29.7).01
 Living conditions
  Apartment21 (48.8)24 (37.5).24
  • The baseline characteristics were collected when the child was 1 y old. The marital status of all families included in this study was “married or cohabiting” at baseline. The mean (SD) and number (%) are presented for normally distributed data and categorical data, respectively. P value: independent t tests were performed on normally distributed data and χ2 tests were performed on categorical data.

  • a Family education level: low level = neither parent’s education was >12 y; high level = at least 1 parent’s education was >12 y.