TABLE 2

Chemical Weapons of Concern

Agent ClassificationBuilt WeaponNATO CodesWeapon of Opportunity
Nerve agentsTabunGAPesticides
SarinGBNicotine
SomanGDOrganophosphates
VX gasVXCarbamates
Blistering agents (vesicants)LewisiteL
Mustard gasHD
Nitrogen mustard
Irritants (corrosives)Ammonia
Bromine
Chlorine
Choking agentsPhosgeneCGPerfluoroisobutylene (Teflon) and other chemical polymers
Nitrogen oxidesNOxSmoke, products of combustion
AsphyxiantsHydrogen cyanideACIndustrial cyanide
Sodium azide
Carbon monoxide
Disabling agents (incapacitators)3-quinuclidinyl benzilateBZAnticholinergics
Cannabinoids
Barbiturates
Fentanyl derivatives
Lacrimators: ChloroacetophenoneCNLacrimators
ChlorobenzylideneCSCapsaicin
  • AC, hydrogen cyanide; BZ, 3-quinuclidinyl benzilate; CG, phosgene; CN, chloroacetophenone; CS, chlorobenzylidene; GA, tabun; GB, sarin; GD, soman; HD, mustard gas; L, lewisite; NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization; NOx, nitrogen oxide; —, not applicable. Adapted from World Health Organization. Chemical weapons of concern. Available at: www.who.int/csr/delibepidemics/annex1.pdf. Accessed June 15, 2018. Adapted from Tuorinksy SD, ed. Medical Aspects of Chemical Warfare. Washington, DC: Office of the Surgeon General at TMM Publications; 2008:292–293.