TABLE 2

Details of Prescribed Analgesics, Use After Discharge, and Opioid Leftovers in the Groups

ControlNudge
STOMP (n = 129)Routine (n = 133)STOMP (n = 124)Routine (n = 131)
Oxycodone prescription, n (%)112 (87)120 (90)113 (91)126 (96)
Hydrocodone prescription, n (%)17 (13)13 (10)15 (12)7 (5)
Doses dispensed, n (median [IQR])27.91 (24.39 [23.07–32.74])25.59 (21.43 [21.77–29.41])23.09 (20.00 [19.55–26.64])22.77 (20.00 [19.47–26.06])
Other analgesics ordered, n (%)
 Acetaminophen92 (74)95 (74)92 (76)93 (71)
 Ibuprofen61 (50)66 (51)55 (45)67 (54)
 Diazepam10 (8)7 (5)11 (9)7 (5)
 Gabapentin4 (3)6 (5)6 (5)5 (4)
 Magnesium17 (13)12 (9)16 (13)16 (12)
Opioid given after discharge106 (82)109 (83)101 (82)103 (79)
Total opioid doses given after discharge, range (median [IQR])0–41 (5 [1–11])0–36 (5 [1–10])0–61 (4 [1–9.25])0–39 (6 [1–10])
Nonopioid given after discharge, n (%)122 (95)126 (98)115 (94)124 (97)
Ongoing nonopioid use (d 14), n (%)35 (27)31 (23)45 (36)29 (22)
Ongoing opioid use (d 14), n (%)8 (6)2 (2)4 (3)3 (2)
Pain interference score (d 14), mean ± SD1.14 ± 2.180.80 ± 1.431.05 ± 1.831.00 ± 2.03
Leftover opioids, n (%)120 (93)122 (92)113 (91)126 (96)
  • IQR, interquartile range.