TABLE 2

ARRs of Carrying Guns, Nationally Weighted Sample

Pooled SamplePre-NICS YearsPost-NICS Years
ARR (95% CI)PARR (95% CI)PARR (95% CI)P
NICS period
 Pre-NICSReference
 Post-NICS0.951 (0.819–1.106).516
State U/BC
 NoReference
 Yes1.170 (0.913–1.498).2151.101 (0.859–1.410).4480.852 (0.738–0.984).029
NICS + U/BC0.750 (0.566–0.995).046
Age group, y
 12–15Reference
 16–181.121 (1.052–1.195).0010.933 (0.809–1.076).3381.198 (1.118–1.284)<.001
Sex
 MaleReference
 Female0.171 (0.156–0.188)<.0010.174 (0.140–0.215)<.0010.169 (0.153–0.187)<.001
Race
 WhiteReference
 African American1.371 (1.242–1.513)<.0011.764 (1.523–2.044)<.0011.228 (1.080–1.395).002
 Other1.280 (1.172–1.397)<.0011.364 (1.098–1.694).0051.245 (1.133–1.367)<.001
Ethnicity
 Non-HispanicReference
 Hispanic0.937 (0.847–1.037).2101.32 (1.031–1.690).0280.800 (0.717–0.893)<.001
Any threat felt
 NoReference
 Yes4.029 (3.726–4.358)<.0013.766 (3.188–4.449)<.0014.127 (3.777–4.510)<.001
State median income, $, thousands0.994 (0.987–1.001).0820.973 (0.962–0.985)<.0010.997 (0.989–1.005).464
State rural population, %1.013 (1.008–1.017)<.0011.008 (0.998–1.018).1021.013 (1.008–1.018)<.001
  • The pooled model includes data from the entire study period. The pre- and post-NICS models reflect data from those respective periods. —, reference category.