TABLE 1

Sample Characteristics, Nationally Weighted Sample

VariablesTotal SampleBy Gun-Carrying Behavior
No (n = 172 456)Yes (n = 10 544)P
Carried a gun, n (%)
 No172 456 (94.24)
 Yes10 544 (5.76)
NICS period, n (%)<.001
 Pre-NICS41 591 (22.73)38 680 (22.43)2912 (27.61)
 Post-NICS141 409 (77.27)133 777 (77.57)7633 (72.39)
State U/BC, n (%)<.001
 No141 506 (77.33)132 720 (76.96)8786 (83.322)
 Yes41 495 (22.67)39 736 (23.04)1758 (16.68)
Age, y, mean (SE)16.07 (0.01)16.06 (0.01)16.12 (0.02).007
Age group, n (%)
 12–15 y64 449 (35.31)61 017 (35.47)3432 (32.71)<.001
 16–18 y118 051 (64.69)110 992 (64.53)7059 (67.29)
Sex, n (%)<.001
 Male93 081 (51.02)83 942 (48.82)9139 (87.24)
 Female89 344 (48.98)88 007 (51.18)1337 (12.76)
Race, n (%)
 White111 356 (61.46)105 447 (61.75)5909 (56.74)<.001
 African American24 875 (13.73)23 052 (13.50)1823 (17.51)<.001
 Other44 942 (24.81)42 260 (24.75)2682 (25.75).221
Ethnicity, n (%).263
 Non-Hispanic163 384 (90.18)153 942 (90.15)9442 (90.66)
 Hispanic17 789 (9.82)16 817 (9.85)972 (9.34)
Any threat felt, n (%)<.001
 No169 484 (92.70)161 907 (93.97)7576 (72.00)
 Yes13 338 (7.30)10 392 (6.03)2946 (28.00)
State median income, $, mean (SE)45 769.29 (410.30)45 900.13 (414.37)43 629.28 (430.98)<.001
State rural population, % (SE)22.80 (0.63)22.62 (0.62)25.74 (0.82)<.001
Year of survey, n (%)<.001
 199315 092 (8.25)13 913 (8.07)1179 (11.18)
 199510 369 (5.67)9588 (5.56)781 (7.41)
 199716 130 (8.81)15 178 (8.80)952 (9.03)
 199915 240 (8.33)14 490 (8.40)750 (7.11)
 200113 107 (7.16)12 359 (7.17)748 (7.09)
 200314 516 (7.93)13 637 (7.91)879 (8.34)
 200513 441 (7.35)12 713 (7.37)728 (6.90)
 200713 340 (7.29)12 653 (7.34)687 (6.52)
 200915 741 (8.60)14 805 (8.59)936 (8.87)
 201114 232 (7.78)13 503 (7.83)729 (6.92)
 201313 270 (7.25)12 539 (7.27)731 (6.94)
 201514 520 (7.93)13 752 (7.97)768 (7.28)
 201714 004 (7.65)13 327 (7.73)677 (6.42)
  • All percentages are column percentages. —, not applicable.