TABLE 2

Characteristics of Nonpowder Firearm Injuries Treated in US EDs by Type of Firearm (NEISS 1990–2016)

CharacteristicsType of Firearm
BB GunPellet GunAirsoft GunPaintball Gun
n (%)a95% CIn (%)a95% CIn (%)a95% CIn (%)a95% CI
Sex
 Male208 482 (86.7)179 468–237 49740 304 (87.2)33 735–46 8731766 (92.2)629–29048122 (90.7)5627–10 617
 Female32 018 (13.3)26 806–37 2315904 (12.8)4386–7421149 (7.8)b0–341836 (9.3)b410–1261
 Unknown21b0–54
Age group, y
 <614 566 (6.1)11 635–17 4971867 (4.0)1162–2571115 (6.0)b0–267297 (3.3)b0–608
 6–12118 084 (49.1)100 011–136 15619 391 (42.0)15 444–23 338752 (39.3)b228–12753034 (33.9)1916–4153
 13–17107 872 (44.8)92 222–123 52224 950 (54.0)20 724–29 1761048 (54.7)b220–18765627 (62.8)3748–7505
Body region injured
 Head and/or neck85 178 (35.4)72 841–97 51513 775 (29.9)11 012–16 5381915 (100.0)654–31767224 (80.6)4998–9451
 Upper extremity78 551 (32.7)67 028–90 07515 531 (33.7)12 833–18 229859 (9.6)b351–1368
 Trunk23 201 (9.7)18 984–27 4185742 (12.5)4254–7229430 (4.8)b127–732
 Lower extremity53 226 (22.1)45 319–61 13311 052 (24.0)8577–13 527445 (5.0)b84–805
 Other194 (0.1)b0–4056 (0.1)b0–17
 Not specified171b0–352103b0–264
Diagnosis
 Contusion or abrasion25 030 (10.4)19 802–30 2585203 (11.3)3805–6601941 (49.1)b343–15394500 (50.2)2923–6078
 Foreign body121 500 (50.6)102 753–140 24719 272 (41.7)15 200–23 344122 (6.4)b0–286197 (2.2)b0–428
 Fracture4514 (1.9)3238–57911292 (2.8)711–1873122 (1.4)b0–276
 Laceration9441 (3.9)7373–11 5093079 (6.7)2230–392711 (0.6)b0–34653 (7.3)b259–1046
 Puncture57 848 (24.1)47 882–67 81411 784 (25.5)9197–14 37070 (3.7)b0–19992 (1.0)b0–233
 Other21 713 (9.0)17 345–26 0815573 (12.1)4211–6934770 (40.2)b183–13583394 (37.9)2162–4627
 Not specified475b75–8766b0–18
Disposition from ED
 Treated and released223 915 (93.2)192 712–255 11842 131 (91.2)35 408–48 8551766 (92.2)583–29487835 (87.5)5280–10 390
 Admitted15 518 (6.5)12 438–18 5993854 (8.3)2779–4928134 (7.0)b0–2921091 (12.2)b542–1641
 Left against medical advice880 (0.4)b351–1409223 (0.5)b0–46415 (0.8)b0–4632 (0.4)b0–75
 Not specified208b16–400
Location of incident
 Home135 851 (91.3)111 343–160 35927 058 (93.3)21 606–32 5101087 (91.2)b225–19492717 (54.3)1662–3772
 Other12 992 (8.7)9992–15 9911933 (6.7)1306–2559105 (8.8)b0–2532291 (45.7)1253–3330
 Not specified91 67975 812–107 54617 21713 652–20 783723b253–119339502252–5648
Totalc240 522 (100.0)207 158–273 88546 208 (100.0)38 952–53 4631915 (100.0)654–31768958 (100.0)6244–11 672
  • —, not applicable.

  • a Column percentages may not sum to 100.0% because of rounding error.

  • b Potentially unstable estimate because the sample is <20, estimate is <1200, or coefficient of variation is >33%.

  • c Total may not add to all estimated cases in the study because of missing values.