TABLE 3

Frequency and Percentage of Specific Diagnoses Among Nonpowder Firearm Eye Injuries Treated in US EDs (NEISS 1990–2016)

Eye Injury DiagnosisEstimated Frequency (95% CI)%a
Corneal abrasion18 960 (14 309–23 610)35.1
Hyphema6763 (5007–8519)12.5
Foreign body5922 (4192–7652)10.9
Globe rupture5640 (4320–6959)10.4
Contusion3675 (2386–4964)6.8
Traumatic iritis or uveitis1804 (954–2655)3.3
Subconjunctival hemorrhage1667 (940–2393)3.1
Retinal injuryb380 (99–661)0.7
Iridodialysisb359 (39–679)0.7
Vitreous hemorrhageb269 (23–514)0.5
Other or unspecified8555 (5078–12 066)18.2
Total53 994 (43 602–64 386)100.0
  • a Percentages may not sum to 100.0% because of rounding error.

  • b Potentially unstable estimate because the sample is <20, estimate is <1200, or coefficient of variation is >33%.