Weeks’ gestation at birth, mean (SD) | 38.0 (2.7) | 37.8 (3.4) | .70 |

Child’s age at T5, mo, mean (SD)^{b} | 58.8 (7.3) | 56.4 (6.5) | .03 |

Sex, % male | 40.5 | 43.4 | .71 |

Height percentile at T5, mean (SD)^{c} | 14.3 (17.0) | 34.4 (26.6) | <.001 |

Height *z* score at T5, mean (SD) | −0.4 (0.7) | 0.4 (1.1) | <.001 |

Weight percentile at T5, mean (SD)^{c} | 10.4 (16.2) | 33.5 (30.1) | <.001 |

Weight *z* score at T5, mean (SD) | −0.4 (0.6) | 0.5 (1.2) | <.001 |

BMI percentile at T5, mean (SD)^{c} | 23.4 (25.8) | 41.4 (31.3) | <.001 |

BMI *z* score at T5, mean (SD) | −0.3 (0.9) | 0.3 (1.1) | <.001 |

OFC percentile at T5, mean (SD)^{c} | 8.8 (15.4) | 30.2 (26.4) | <.001 |

OFC *z* score at T5, mean (SD) | −0.5 (0.7) | 0.5 (1.1) | <.001 |

PFL percentile at T5, mean (SD)^{c} | 11.4 (12.4) | 26.5 (15.7) | <.001 |

PFL *z* score at T5, mean (SD) | −35 (0.8) | 0.4 (1.0) | <.001 |

Philtrum ranking at T5, mean (SD) | 3.5 (0.9) | 2.8 (0.7) | <.001 |

Vermilion ranking at T5, mean (SD) | 3.6 (0.9) | 2.9 (0.8) | <.001 |

Total dysmorphology score at T5, mean (SD) | 14.2 (5.0) | 7.0 (3.8) | <.001 |