TABLE 3

Child Age, Sex, Growth, and Dysmorphology Comparisons

FASD (n = 79)Not FASD (n = 76)Pa
Weeks’ gestation at birth, mean (SD)38.0 (2.7)37.8 (3.4).70
Child’s age at T5, mo, mean (SD)b58.8 (7.3)56.4 (6.5).03
Sex, % male40.543.4.71
Height percentile at T5, mean (SD)c14.3 (17.0)34.4 (26.6)<.001
Height z score at T5, mean (SD)−0.4 (0.7)0.4 (1.1)<.001
Weight percentile at T5, mean (SD)c10.4 (16.2)33.5 (30.1)<.001
Weight z score at T5, mean (SD)−0.4 (0.6)0.5 (1.2)<.001
BMI percentile at T5, mean (SD)c23.4 (25.8)41.4 (31.3)<.001
BMI z score at T5, mean (SD)−0.3 (0.9)0.3 (1.1)<.001
OFC percentile at T5, mean (SD)c8.8 (15.4)30.2 (26.4)<.001
OFC z score at T5, mean (SD)−0.5 (0.7)0.5 (1.1)<.001
PFL percentile at T5, mean (SD)c11.4 (12.4)26.5 (15.7)<.001
PFL z score at T5, mean (SD)−35 (0.8)0.4 (1.0)<.001
Philtrum ranking at T5, mean (SD)3.5 (0.9)2.8 (0.7)<.001
Vermilion ranking at T5, mean (SD)3.6 (0.9)2.9 (0.8)<.001
Total dysmorphology score at T5, mean (SD)14.2 (5.0)7.0 (3.8)<.001
  • PFL, palpebral fissure length.

  • a Bonferroni-adjusted significance level = 0.005.

  • b Senior dysmorphologist examinations used for analysis.

  • c Centers for Disease Control and Prevention percentiles.