TABLE 1

Sample Characteristics by Fruit and Vegetable Intake at 6 Years of Age, IFPS II, 2005–2007 and Y6FU Study, 2012

nFruit Intake at Age 6 yVegetable Intake at Age 6 y
≥1 time/d, %0 to <1 time/d, %≥1 time/d, %0 to <1 time/d, %
Overall1078
Maternal age (y)
 18–2517716.516.316.416.6
 26–2928828.523.027.025.4
 30–3436732.437.533.337.1
 35+24622.623.323.321.0
Race/ethnicity
 Hispanic443.16.1a3.85.4
 Non-Hispanic white96191.384.689.687.3
 Non-Hispanic black291.84.72.53.4
 Other443.84.74.13.9
Maternal education
 High school or less16413.818.3a14.916.6
 Some college35629.640.432.734.6
 College graduate55856.741.352.548.8
Poverty income ratio (%)
 0 to <18535330.737.232.235.1
 185 to <35041439.536.139.434.2
 ≥35031129.826.728.430.7
Receipt of WIC benefits
 Yes30226.232.027.828.8
 No77673.868.072.271.2
Marital status
 Married93187.584.086.685.4
 Unmarried14712.516.013.414.6
Birth order
 First-born30729.626.228.528.3
 Not first-born77170.473.871.571.7
Gender of infant
 Boy53549.949.147.061.0a
 Girl54350.150.953.039.0
Birth weight of infant
 Low birth weight171.42.01.52.0
 Normal birth weight91483.787.285.183.4
 High birth weight14715.010.813.414.6
Gestational age of infant
 ≥37 wk103395.696.296.095.1
 <37 wk454.43.84.04.9
Breastfeeding duration
 Never breastfed12910.215.7a11.115.6a
 Breastfed <3 mo24219.429.121.526.3
 Breastfed 3 to <6 mo10810.59.010.57.8
 Breastfed 6 to <12 mo28927.425.625.831.2
 Breastfed ≥12 mo31032.620.631.019.0
  • a P < .05 for χ2 test of significance for categorical variables.